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Haiti elects new president for Herculean task

The Haiti election Sunday was marked by many of the same problems voters experienced in a first round tainted with widespread fraud, although this time violence was avoided.

By Isabeau Doucet and Ezra FieserCorrespondents / March 21, 2011

Presidential candidate Michel Martelly, center, casts his ballot at a polling station during a presidential runoff in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Sunday, March 20. Haiti's voters chose between candidates Mirlande Manigat, the former first lady, and "Sweet Micky" Martelly, a star of Haitian music to lead a country where anger with the government runs deep and nearly a million people are living on the streets.

Ramon Espinosa/AP

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Port-au-Prince, Haiti; and Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

Polling stations opened late due to lack of supplies. Voters' names didn’t appear on registration rolls. In other cases, citizens were even unsure of where to vote.

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But for Haiti, Sunday's election was deemed a success overall, as Haitians cast ballots in what could be their nation's most important presidential elections.

On top of handling billions of dollars in foreign aid, the new president will be tasked with leading the country through the reconstruction from last year’s earthquake that has left the capital covered in debris: Some 800,000 people live in tent camps in the capital, still displaced from the January 2010 earthquake that damaged or destroyed 188,383 homes and killed some 230,000 people. A cholera epidemic that began last fall continues to spread.

Preliminary results are not expected until March 31 from the second-round election that pitted former First Lady Mirlande Manigat against flashy musician Michel “Sweet Micky” Martelly. Final results are scheduled to be confirmed April 16.

Irregularities dismissed

To a lesser degree, Sunday's run-off vote was marked by many of the same problems as those voters experienced in a first round that culminated with 12 of 19 candidates asking for the vote to be annulled due to widespread fraud, although this time violence was avoided.

“They want to choose for us, they don’t want us to vote, it’s a game,” says Jaybe Alias, who lives in Camp Corail, one of the only government-organized displacement camps. Thousands of people showed up to vote in the camp’s polling station, just north of Port-au-Prince, but election officials had just 40 names on voter rolls. None were his.

“There are thousand of people here,” Mr. Alias says. “How come only 40 people can vote?”

Stories similar to Alias’s were common.

Nevertheless, Haiti’s Provisional Electoral Council deemed the vote successful. Council President Gaillot Dorsinvil told reporters that irregularities would have “no impact on the electoral process as a whole.” Edmond Mulet, who leads the United Nations’ stabilizing force in the country, echoed Mr. Dorsinvil, saying that he saw “a lot of differences compared to Nov. 28. Participation is great.”

Long road to the presidential office

This election has been long delayed. Under the original electoral schedule, a new president was to be inaugurated in February. Yet, due to problems in the first round, the run-off vote was pushed back.

It was complicated by the arrivals of former dictator Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier in January and former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide just days before the election. Both had come back from exile.

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