The question has dogged France since the 1994 mass slaughter. President François Hollande announced Tuesday that the country will declassify official documents that could finally shed light on its role at the time.
Critics are pointing to corruption as a key contributor to gaps in Kenya's security efforts.
Kenyan Christians have long dominated political and social institutions. But an increasingly devout Muslim population is pushing for a greater voice, testing the ability of religious leaders to sustain longstanding religious harmony.