If convicted, former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak could face the death penalty. Protesters are heartened by the trial, and vow to keep pressing their other demands.
In contrast with Obama's major speech two years ago in Cairo, today's address on the Middle East has generated little interest in Egypt. But Libyans and Syrians have higher hopes.
A 17-year-old was sentenced to death this week amid a wave of civilian cases tried by military tribunals in as little as five minutes. Under Mubarak, civilians rarely faced military tribunals.
In the wake of sectarian clashes that killed 15, Egypt's interim government said it will draft a new law that could better protect Christians' ability to worship in peace.
Salafis, who subscribe to a strict version of Islam, were blamed in weekend attacks against Christians in Cairo. Many Egyptians worry that extremists could play a greater role in post-Mubarak Egypt.
Salafi Muslims are often associated with militant Islam and violent groups such as Al Qaeda, though most Salafis disavow violent jihad. Repressed for decades by secular dictators such as Hosni Mubarak of Egypt and Zine Abidine Ben Ali of Tunisia, Salafis may find new breathing room now that the Arab Spring has ousted such leaders. Here are five facts to help you understand them.
Egyptian military rulers are promising swift justice for participants in sectarian riots in Imbaba neighborhood of Cairo that left 12 people dead.
Former Interior Minister Habib El Adly was given 12 years in prison today and fined $2.5 million for corruption, signaling that Egypt's military rulers are serious about prosecuting former officials.
'We have clearly passed the Osama bin Laden era, and we are firmly into the Bouazizi era,' said one columnist, referring to the Tunisian man whose self-immolation sparked revolts across the Mideast.
The Muslim Brotherhood's new plans to contest 50 percent of Egypt's parliamentary seats in upcoming elections are sparking concern that it will impose its Islamist ideas on the population.
But many are skeptical that the accord will hold, given that huge differences remain between Fatah and Hamas, and Israel is strongly opposed to Palestinian unity.
An Egyptian court on April 21 ordered the physical removal of the Mubarak family name from all public places, formalizing a process that protesters began months ago. With Hosni Mubarak's name and face plastered on everything from street signs to stadiums to train stations, it will take a long time for the state to fully remove his mark. Here are a few of places to be scrubbed of the Mubarak moniker:
More than 800 protesters were killed and thousands wounded as the Mubarak regime attempted to put down Egypt's uprising, according to a report from the new Egyptian government.
In the absence of the National Democratic Party (NDP), the electoral field in September will be wide open for the Muslim Brotherhood to perform strongly.
Mubarak is under questioning and he and his two sons are being transferred to a Cairo prison. Egypt's military rulers appear to be responding to escalating public pressure to see the former president behind bars.
More than 1,000 pro-democracy protesters continued to occupy Cairo's Tahrir Square Sunday, one day after the Army – until now seen the guardian of the revolution – appeared to have fired live rounds into crowds, killing at least one protester.
The Egyptian Army used to be considered the 'defenders of the people,' but the military council's failure to put former President Hosni Mubarak on trial has raised protesters' ire.
Even those who make a living off peddling souvenirs on the streets of Cairo have caught the revolutionary spirit, making a buck selling products that mock ousted President Hosni Mubarak and the old regime.
The opposition would maintain its insistence on Qaddafi's removal from power. Friday protests are sweeping through Syria, while Egyptians are demonstrating against a new law criminalizing protests.
The concept of emergency rule has been at the forefront of much of the Mideast unrest. Some countries have been in a “state of emergency” for decades, long after their citizens felt any threat still existed. Others have only recently implemented the emergency laws, in an effort to quell uprisings turned too large and violent for the governments to rein in. Although meant to help a country in times of danger, emergency law has sometimes been turned into a political tool.
In addition, Libya's Qaddafi has been dealt severe blows. Assad tries to placate Syrians by offering a decision on the emergency law – in about a month.
Many of the protesters' demands remain unmet. Egyptians disagree whether it's better to focus efforts on protests or politics.
The Arab world is largely supportive of Libya's rebels and a no-fly zone to protect them, but is unsure how it feels about Western intervention on their behalf.