Western powers are concerned that the fractured nation in North Africa is fertile ground for Islamic State militants.
Egypt's airstrikes came in response to the mass beheadings of 21 Egyptian Christians by IS militants in Libya. The Libyan government has called for the US-led coalition in Syria and Iraq to turn its attentions to Libya.
Two Al Jazeera English journalists have posted bail, and the government of President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi has hinted at a pardon. But the press environment is largely hostile.
The fate of Mohamed Fahmy, a Canadian, and Baher Mohamed, an Egyptian, hangs in the balance. Their colleague Peter Greste was deported last month to his native Australia.
Peter Greste, an Australian reporter, was convicted last year in a widely criticized trial that underscored authorities' determination to crack down on dissent after a 2013 coup. Many other journalists and activists have been detained.
Four years after the start of the so-called Arab Spring, the US is back to business as usual with a military regime in Egypt.
With the shared regional threat of the Islamic State and a nuclear Iran, some top Israeli security officials say now's the time for peace talks with Israel's moderate neighbors.
Space for dissent in Egypt is shrinking fast, as impunity for the powerful appears to be, once again, on the rise.
Former President Mubarak was cleared of criminal charges related to the uprising that unseated him in 2011. As young activists filled Tahrir Square at the time, few imagined that just three years later a new military regime would again chain the press and civil society.