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Suicide attack in Afghanistan's north signals broader reach of Taliban

An Afghan Taliban suicide bomber killed at least 31 people today in Afghanistan's northern Kunduz Province. The north has long been devoid of the Taliban's influence.

By Correspondent / February 21, 2011

A US medic wears a mask around his helmet bearing the words, "when I have your wounded", during a mission in Kunduz, north of Kabul, Afghanistan, Monday. A powerful explosion rocked a local hospital in the Imam Sahib district of Kunduz, killing scores of people who were waiting in line to obtain government identification cards, Monday.

Anja Niedringhaus/AP

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Kabul, Afghanistan

A suicide bomber attacked a crowd of Aghans waiting to get government identification cards and other official documents today, killing at least 31 people in the north’s traditionally quiet Kunduz Province. The bombing underscores the expanding reach of insurgents and may signal that grievances against the local government are pushing more people into the arms of the Taliban.

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The Taliban have claimed responsibility for Monday’s attack, which took place in the Imam Sahib district. It comes little more than a week after the district governor of the nearby Chardara district was assassinated in a targeted Taliban attack.

While such attacks are not uncommon throughout Afghanistan’s more restive areas, areas such as Kunduz that have long been devoid of the Islamic militant group’s influence. With top commander Gen. David Petraeus warning that the growing insurgency in the northern region may prolong fighting in Afghanistan, today's attack is likely to put the problems of the north into sharper focus for NATO and the Afghan government.

Discrimination against Pashtuns raises tensions

The insurgency’s northward expansion is often explained as the result of militants trying to escape the intensified NATO and Afghan military push in the south and east. However, it may have much more to do with mounting ethnic tensions and the exclusion of Pashtuns from the political system there.

The problems are largely internal, and sending more NATO forces is unlikely to change the situation, say most locals. Any solution will require a concerted effort by the Afghan government to restore the peace.

After the fall of the Taliban in 2001, many Pashtuns in the north say they were ready to work with the government. The Taliban, however, are an almost exclusively Pashtun organization and many people nationwide turned against Pashtuns regardless of their support or affiliation with the militant outfit.

In the north, where Uzbeks and Tajiks are the majority ethnic groups, Pashtuns faced the most discrimination. Pashtuns were largely excluded from any significant positions in local government and in some instances forced off their land.

“The government is not treating the Pasthuns well and they are not happy. This is the way they come to give support to the Taliban,” says Moeen Marastial, a member of parliament from Kunduz Province. “If they are not happy with the local government in the north, naturally they will support those who are against the government. It’s not just in Afghanistan, it’s like this everywhere in the world.”

Pashtuns lose hope in government, turn to Taliban

In northern Afghanistan’s Takhar Province, Arabab Zahir says that he and about 480 of his fellow Pashtun villagers are on the verge of turning against the government and supporting the Taliban.

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