A retreat by NATO-trained Afghan forces in Kunduz this fall came after more than a decade of military operations against the Taliban. Many recognize the need to include the group in any political settlement.
Two gunmen in Afghan military uniforms opened fire on a vehicle carrying international troops in Helmand Province on Wednesday. It was the third reported 'green-on-blue' attack in Afghanistan this year.
The celebrated Rafi Peer troupe got featured at this year's Lahore literary festival, after surviving Islamist bomb attacks. But civil society and free expression in Pakistan may still be measured as one step forward and two back.