Much of the Soviets' development work got wiped out by a civil war in the 1990s. But the scope of the effort then was limited compared with the work today.
As the Afghan government struggles to develop, the post office has quietly managed to become one of the nation's most efficient institutions - and with extremely limited international assistance.
A Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) report singled out a $78 million contract to build a garrison for the Afghan National Army as of particular concern.
After a heavy weekend of violence, a suicide bomber wearing a police uniform attacked NATO and Afghan forces, killing at least 14 on Monday in the southeastern town of Khost.
Few Afghans have benefited more from the past 10 years of post-Taliban government than children, but there are still tough problems to solve.
Under Taliban rule, fewer than 50,000 girls attended school in Afghanistan. Today, 3.2 million attend.
Five Australian soldiers were killed in Afghanistan yesterday and today, including three apparently murdered by Afghan Police forces.
Politics junkies could be forgiven for not realizing that US soldiers are still dying in Afghanistan, given how rarely the word passes the lips of either President Obama or challenger Mitt Romney.