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On anniversary of Saddam's fall, Iraq's Sadr issues warning on US presence

Hardline Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr rallied thousands of followers Saturday. Their message: United States civilians as well as troops must leave by the end of the year.

By Jane ArrafCorrespondent / April 9, 2011

Demonstrators hold a picture of Iraqi cleric Moqtada al-Sadr on Saturday at a rally. He issued a call for the United States to leave Iraq on the anniversary of Saddam Hussein's fall.

Kareem Raheem/Reuters



Hardline Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr mobilized tens of thousands of followers Saturday, using the anniversary of the toppling of Saddam Hussein’s regime to issue a warning to American civilians as well as soldiers that it was time to go.

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Far from Baghdad's Firdous Square, where US Marines helped Iraqis bring down Saddam Hussein’s statue in 2003, the cleric’s supporters marched from Sadr City to Mustansiriya Square, near a major university in northeast Baghdad. Black smoke rose from the square from the burning American flags, and protesters set up a grisly display of Americans in business suits being burned in cages.

“We are time bombs,” the protesters chanted between a choreographed wave of young men dressed in the satin colors of Iraq's flag.

The protest was the first major Sadr demonstration since demonstrations began sweeping the Arab world this year. Sadr – who has reinvented himself as s serious political figure after his leadership of the paramilitary Mahdi Army, which fought US forces in 2004 – has called for restraint in protests against the Iraqi government, in which his party members now play a key role. Instead, the young cleric has used the possibility of massive protests as a veiled threat against the government.

Mr. Sadr is in Iran, where he is pursuing his religious education. But in a message read by senior Sadr party official Saleh al-Obeidi, Sadr urged his followers not to stand by if there were still a significant American presence here next year – civilian or military.

IN PICTURES: Troops come home

“What if the invading forces don’t leave our land? What if they stay in in another form?... If their companies, embassies have the invading American flags waving over them will you remain silent?” Sadr asked in the message.

The cleric went on to say that if that US presence remained it would mean two things: “escalating the work of the military resistance and re-activating the Mahdi Army.”

Asked whether that meant that the Sadrists were opposed to even a US diplomatic mission here if US forces were gone, several officials said the Sadr movement opposed any expansion of the US civilian presence here and considered the embassy the headquarters for the occupation.

US Ambassador James Jeffrey told reporters April 1 that the embassy, already the biggest in the world, planned to double in size next year to 18,000 personnel. That would include security, support staff, and diplomatic offices outside of Baghdad.


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