Backpack Farms helps small African farmers defeat drought
Backpack Farms supports African farmers with low-cost products and training suited to their needs.
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What defines a smallholder farmer?
We look at what’s called the mid-stratum of farmers: two to five acres, earn their primary income from farming, were raised on a farm, have the desire to farm, want to learn how to be a better farmer, want to use better technology and are willing to do training and invest in products. Somalis, by the way, are pastoralists, and they don’t farm, though they are willing to learn.
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The aid world has focused a lot on what’s called the last-mile farmer – they are growing for food security, not doing very well overall. But that’s not a smallholder farmer, that’s subsistence farming. The government agricultural programs are not thinking about farming in the right way – composting, organic. Our farms are 85 percent organic.
So how did your vision to help smallholder farms come to life?
Four years ago the world laughed in my face about smallholder farmers. The head of every major agency laughed at me, said, oh, this won’t work, you’re a dreamer, you’re an idealist. But I’m not. I just saw that they are the largest untapped economic resource in sub-Saharan Africa – 80 million to 100 million of them, and no one works with them.
Then I did a presentation for Mercy Corps, a wonderful organization, and we began a partnership.
How are you funded?
We haven’t taken one cent of donor finance. I’m self-funded. We focus on primary production – the average African farmer is only utilizing 15 to 20 percent of his production capacity. The British, when they were in power, made maize [corn] their colonial crop, and they exported it from East Africa back to Britain. They were able to get farmers to grow maize, a non-indigenous crop – it’s extremely hard on soil – with a massive marketing campaign. Now as a result, year after year these farmers grew fewer crops and don’t have the resources to ask what to do.
How do you assess the impact of your programs?
We estimate that we’ve trained about 13,000 farmers in Kenya. Every time we visit a farm and talk to farmers, the leader grabs me and hugs me, and says thank you. These are full-time schools open to the community, and franchise managers and farmers understand that we will train people who can’t afford it. We would like them to pay 20 to 40 shillings a class but if they can’t do that, we will train them. There is an immense gratitude from these people.
And the program is self-sustaining. We have amazing franchises that we have organized with existing farming organizations that we have trained and provided with marketing materials, and they are doing our training programs under our supervision. They earn income by selling products through us – the backpacks. We get weekly and monthly progress reports from them.
What is one of the biggest challenges in your work and how are you getting around it?
Finance. I don’t have the money to grow. But we are making it anyway. Later on with finance we will expand into Uganda and Tanzania. One of our program challenges is distribution costs – for our farmers to sell these very heavy irrigation units in the backpacks, it can be very difficult.
I’d love feedback on what we’re doing. Also we want to incubate competition. There needs to be 10 more of us.
Interview has been edited and condensed.
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