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Chad reintroduces death penalty. Which other countries use it?

Chad has beefed up its security in recent weeks after a spate of deadly attacks by Boko Haram.

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    A police officer stands guard near the site of a suicide bombing in Ndjamena, Chad on July 11, 2015.
    Moumine Ngarmbassa/Reuters/File
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Amid several suicide bombings in the past few months, Chad reintroduced the death penalty for acts of terrorism.

The Chadian parliament voted unanimously on Thursday to reauthorize the death penalty, six months after its abolition, the BBC reported.

Chad has beefed up its security in recent weeks, following a spate of deadly Boko Haram attacks.

On June 17, the country banned people from wearing burqas, or full-face veil, two days after two suicide bombers killed more than 30 people.

Despite the ban, on July 11 a Boko Haram suicide bomber man dressed in a woman’s burqa blew himself up in the capital’s main market, killing 15 people. Now Chad has aimed at arresting anyone who wears a burqa.

The country also opened a two-week campaign against Boko Haram, during which the government says its forces killed 117 insurgents, Reuters reported.

Chad is the second country that has decided in the past few months to attempt to deter terrorism by resuming the death penalty.

Last March, Pakistan also lifted its moratorium on the death penalty in terror cases. On July 29, the United Nations urged Pakistan to halt executions.

The UN says the death penalty is an extreme form of punishment that, if used at all, should only be imposed for the most serious crimes, “after a fair trial that respects the most stringent due process guarantees as stipulated in international human rights law.”

In July 2014, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said “Death penalty has no place in 21st century” and urged countries to stop the practice.

Currently, more than 160 UN member states have either abolished the death penalty or do not practice it. But there are still dozens of countries that carry out death sentences.

In December 2014, the Guardian analyzed Amnesty International data and concluded that at least 1,722 people were sentenced to death in 58 countries in 2012, which showed a decrease from 2011 with 1,923 executions in 63 countries worldwide.

The Guardian reported in 2013 at least 778 executions were carried out in 22 countries. In 2014, Amnesty International said the number of recorded death sentences has jumped by almost 500, compared to 2013.

Last year, China had the highest rate of the executions. Amnesty believes thousands were executed.

The other countries topping the list were Iran, with 289 officially and at least 454 unannounced executions; Saudi Arabia, with at least 90 executions; Iraq, with at least 61 executions; and the US, with 35 executions. The United States is the only G7 country that still executes people.

According to The Washington Post, Amnesty International data shows that in 2014 the number of death sentences handed down experienced a dramatic increase but there was a drop in the number of executions carried out.

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