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Putin walks a fine line in Poland, avoiding apology

On the anniversary of the Nazi invasion of Poland, the Russian prime minister praised the "heroism" of the Polish. But he did not apologize for the subsequent Russian invasion and execution of 20,000 Polish military officers.

By Correspondent / September 1, 2009

MOSCOW – In eastern Europe history is politics and vice versa.

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That's why everyone is carefully parsing the words of Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin Tuesday at a meeting of European leaders in Gdansk, Poland, to mark the 70th anniversary of the massive Nazi invasion of Poland that triggered World War II.

Standing beside Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk at the memorial meeting Tuesday, Putin proclaimed that "Russia has always respected the bravery and heroism of the Polish people, soldiers, and officers, who stood up first against Nazism in 1939."

Mr. Putin's not-so-delicate problem is that he unrepentently represents Russia, the successor state of the USSR, which two weeks after the Nazi invasion followed through on a secret agreement with German dictator Adolf Hitler by invading and occupying eastern Poland.

The Russian attack was described Tuesday by Polish President Lech Kaczynski as "a stab in the back ... and this blow came from Bolshevik Russia in accordance with the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact," the Soviet-German bargain whose secret protocols divided eastern Europe between the two dictatorships.

The Poles were hoping that Putin might apologize for that, and for the subsequent execution of 20,000 Polish military officers, whose burial site in Russia's Katyn Forest has only been officially acknowledged since the collapse of the USSR.

In an open letter Monday to the Polish newspaper Gazeta Wyborcza, Putin went beyond previous official pronouncements by describing the Nazi-Soviet deal as "immoral" and denouncing the mass murder of Polish soldiers by the Soviet NKVD secret police as a "crime."

But Tuesday he dodged an apology and stressed Moscow's view that everyone "made a lot of mistakes" in the prelude to World War II, including the Western allies, who sold out Czechoslovakia to Hitler at Munich in 1938. "As to what preceded the tragedy, that should be left to experts to determine," he said.

The issue of World War II remains so sensitive in eastern Europe because the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, essentially ratified by the Western allies in subsequent wartime meetings with Joseph Stalin, determined the shape of Europe for more than four decades and left many countries – including Poland – under Soviet control.

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