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Germany vs. Italy: At eurozone meeting, the battle is over urgent action

As Europe's leaders meet in Brussels today, Germany is pushing hard for long-term reform. But Italy PM Monti says Europe faces disaster if high borrowing costs aren't addressed quickly.

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But as seen over the past two years, those measures did not sufficiently impress markets. Greece had one failed election in May, and its new government still needs $14 billion to meet expenses and wants to renegotiate its bailout terms.

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Markets this spring attacked Spain and Italy just as they did Ireland and Portugal a little more than a year ago.

Yet EU officials have now gone further with a road map for a banking authority, a European finance minister, and to give the European Central Bank more leeway as a “lender of last resort” – all part of a major plan for a more federal Europe advocated in Berlin.

The banking union "elevates responsibility for supervision to the European level, and provides for common mechanisms to resolve banks and guarantee customer deposits," according to a draft of the road map signed by Herman Van Rompuy, president of the European Council.

How much sovereignty France and other European nations would cede to a central fiscal authority is unknown.

The meeting is also expected to agree to a “growth pact” to add $155 billion a year to bailout funds, and leaders will push growth and infrastructure projects.

“I would not dramatize this summit ... because you have seen many European summits these last years,” says  Nicolas Véron, senior fellow at Bruegel think tank in Brussels. “On the other hand, the next weeks are very important. You cannot allow yourself the luxury to let the summer go by without deciding anything.”

Chancellor Merkel has the greatest say in Brussels and advocates a “step by step” long term approach seen in the road map.

But unlike at the previous 19 grand summits, she is increasingly isolated and pressed by Italy's Mr. Monti and new French president François Hollande, among others – though it is unclear whether that matters.

Germany’s strategy appears to be to push austerity and long-term reform hard enough to force change, but not so far as to create outright collapse – a delicate task, analysts say, especially since the election of Mr. Hollande.

Merkel yesterday hung tough on a go-slow approach: "Because I know the expectations and hopes that are pinned on this summit, I will repeat …what cannot be said often enough: There is no quick solution and no simple solution. There is no one magic formula ... with which the government debt crisis can be overcome in one go."

While financial advisers at Paris based BNP and in Brussels at Natixis said that short-term solutions in Brussels today are in short supply, the most important is a clearer road map.

“The goal is to make the euro area a more homogeneous and coherent ensemble. What will be interesting is how the results will be presented after the EU summit Friday, and if there is a clear timetable, not only a statement of intent,” says Philippe Waechter, head of economic research at Natixis Asset Management in Brussels. “This is what the markets will pay attention to."

At the recent G-20 meeting in Los Cabos, Mexico, and since, Monti has pushed a plan for the European bailout or “Stability Fund” created in 2010 to be able to buy bank debt directly, in order not to add sovereign debt to national books that sends borrowing costs soaring.

Merkel has so far opposed the Monti concept.


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