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Paris art heist: The alarm that didn't sound, the dog that didn't bark

A day after the $123 million Paris art heist, revelations emerged that hinted of an inside job. A malfunctioning alarm was too quiet for guards to hear.

By Staff Writer / May 21, 2010

Police officers search for clues as they pack up the frames of the stolen paintings outside the Paris Museum of Modern Art, following the report of five paintings having been stolen, Thursday. Police and prosecutors say a lone thief has stolen five paintings, including works by Picasso, Matisse, and Modigliani.

Jacques Brinon/AP



A day after the stunning $123 million heist of art that Paris authorities now say was not insured, fresh revelations are beginning to echo loudly in efforts to reconstruct how five modernist masterpieces could have been stolen in early dawn hours Thursday.

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Apparently, the alarm at the Paris Museum for Modern Art was too quiet for guards to hear.

While Paris city authorities, including Mayor Bertrand Delanoe, said Wednesday that the museum's alarm system was malfunctioning, deputy mayor for culture Christophe Girard elaborated today on the point. He told journalists that the device that shrieks the alarm was essentially not working – a substantial argument for an inside job, since the thief would have had to know the circumstance.

Even more embarrassing, the malfunctioning alarm was reported to security company Spie on March 30 but had yet to be fixed.

IN PICTURES: Famous art heists

Five of the world's most famous representative modern paintings were stolen when the thief sawed off an outside window grill lock, removed both the window and its frame, then took 15 minutes to slice the canvases out of their frames. An internal CCTV camera caught for a few seconds a darkly dressed, bulky figure wearing a ski or skull cap, before he adroitly avoids the camera's radius – suggesting familiarity with the security system.

Whether expensive cameras trained on the paintings were disabled or not turned on remains vague, since Mr. Girard today said the cameras were working but at some point went “opaque." Roof cameras at the museum were set in the wrong direction.

That the thief knew to choose a window and room where the alarm would not make a sound suggested to analysts a thief with “inside” knowledge of the museum or its security. Mr. Girard said "the theft was conducted with such an extreme level of sophistication that it seems it was done by organized crime."

Security lapses well documented

Coincidentally, in 2001, a French video artist made a short documentary detailing various security lapses at the museum, including dozing guards and alarm wires that could be cut, allowing escape through an emergency exit.

Fabrice Bousteau, chief editor of Beaux Arts Magazine, says he was not surprised by the theft, citing the 2001 documentary on security lapses, and added that “fool proof security will never exist.”

The alarm that didn’t go off, which was installed and maintained by the large European security company Spie when the museum was renovated four years ago at a cost of €15 million ($18.9 million), has increasingly become a focus of an investigation called for by Mayor Delanoe. Spie, which provides security for firms like Airbus, said in statements today they are cooperating with French authorities. It remained unclear why the security alarm went unrepaired for nearly two months.