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Irish revote likely on EU treaty

Meeting in Brussels, European Union leaders signaled their intent to ensure that all 27 member states ratify the key treaty, which governs EU decisionmaking. But Czech approval also appears in doubt.

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"Most of the issues that were raised like abortion, neutrality, and corporation tax raised have very little to do with the content of the treaty," says Gavin Barrett, a senior lecturer in law at University College's School of Law in Dublin. But, he says, clear declarations will be needed that maintain Ireland's neutrality as EU members move toward closer military cooperation and that ensure that Ireland's low corporation tax won't be raised as part of French plans for tax harmonization.

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"There is also discussion emerging on a reconsideration on the number of [European Commission] commissioners," notes Theresa Reidy of the School of Business and Law at the University College, Cork. In the future, members of the European Commission, the administrative body of the EU, will be rotated between countries instead of giving each country a permanent representative. According to the Eurobarometer survey, this loss of a full-time commissioner was cited as a reason by 6 percent of "no" voters.

"It appears that there is a clause that would let them make that change without the treaty having to be reratified," says Dr. Reidy. "That would be a very significant concession for the Irish government and would also have the support of many other European countries."

Revisiting referendums isn't new to the Irish. In 2001, voters rejected the Nice Treaty, only to pass it a year later in another referendum, when assurances from the EU over the protection of Ireland's neutrality helped to change voters' minds.

Statements from EU leaders have been respectful of the Irish decision and supportive of the government. "The European leaders are careful not to inflame Irish opinion against the European Union," says Reidy. "I don't think there is a crisis in Europe at the moment. But if the Lisbon Treaty was rejected a second time, that would bring about a crisis situation."

In the meantime, attention has shifted to the Czech Republic. "It is difficult to predict what will happen," wrote Óscar Hidalgo-Redondo of the University of New York in Prague, in an e-mail.

"First of all, the [coalition] government is divided," he wrote. "The Eurosceptic prime minister Mirek Topolánek has adopted a very cautious approach and has already commented that the process needs to be slowed down."

In addition, the Constitutional Court's verdict is not expected before the autumn.

Nevertheless, French president Nicolas Sarkozy, who will take over the rotating EU presidency on July 1, is anxious to proceed with ratification in the remaining countries and will visit Ireland next month for talks on how to proceed at the next EU summit in October.

"You could hear very clearly from Sarkozy's press conference [on the first day of the summit] that he wants this treaty to go through," says O'Connor. "He won't accept no for an answer."