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After the Taliban, what do Marjah residents want?

Army Gen. Stanley McChrystal and President Hamid Karzai's deputy walked the streets of Marjah Monday. With US-led forces now in control of the former Taliban stronghold in southern Afghanistan, US and Afghan officials told Marjah residents that the Taliban were gone - and life would improve.

By Dion NissenbaumMcClatchy Newspapers / March 2, 2010

Marjah residents walked during a visit by Afghan and NATO officials in Marjah city, Helmand Province, on Monday.

Massoud Hossaini/Reuters

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Marjah, Afghanistan

One by one, the men of Marjah tentatively approached the high-ranking Afghan official with their complaints.

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One man accused US Marines of insulting Afghan men by conducting intrusive searches. Two worried that the government would tax their poppy harvests – just like the Taliban did. A fourth was told he'd receive financial compensation for relatives killed during the fighting.

With US-led forces now in control of the one-time insurgent stronghold in southern Afghanistan, President Hamid Karzai's deputy flew from Kabul on Monday to reassure Marjah residents that the Taliban were gone for good – and that things would slowly get better.

"We will be with you," Second Vice President Karim Khalili told more than 400 men at the biggest community gathering since the Taliban were pushed out.

"We will not abandon you," Mr. Khalili said. "It is not like it was in the past where they cleaned a place and left. No. We will stay – and we will fight."

Now that NATO forces have secured Marjah, the challenge is installing a credible, competent local government that can regain the trust of skeptical residents.

"What I think we've got to do is try to move fast enough to try to meet expectations, but carefully enough that we're not in any way ... blind to some of the nuances that have to be worked through," said Army Gen. Stanley McChrystal, the head of coalition forces, who joined Khalili in walking down Marjah's main street as marines threw candy to children and Afghan soldiers kept guard.

There was not much public jubilation when Khalili walked down Marjah's main street with a group of Afghan security forces and NATO officials, passing shuttered shops and austere town buildings, which US Marines are transforming into military compounds.

Skeptical residents

At the afternoon shura, residents greeted Khalili with tepid applause.