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Japan after Fukushima: village of nuclear evacuees forced to start over - again

Some 20 miles northeast of Japan's devastated Fukushima nuclear power plant, the small village of Iitate was transformed from one of Fukushima prefecture's poorest to a quaint getaway in the mountains on the mend. Now, residents have been ordered to evacuate.

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On April 19, Mayor Norio Kanno traveled to Tokyo to talk to Prime Minister Naoto Kan about the incident and the conflicting rumors of evacuation for his town. He told the prime minister that the evacuation of the entire village would create an immense problem and requested assistance for villagers, since most of them would lose their jobs and livestock, and be unable to make a living, village officials say.

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Kan apologized and government officials visited the village and listened to residents. Tokyo Electric Power's vice president also came to apologize. But little progress has been made. They have not even decided where the villagers will go, Kanno says.

Though political leaders have said they would compensate villagers, locals say they don’t trust the government, which, they point out, had reiterated the safety of the nearby nuclear power plant.

On the brink of utopia?

Kanno says that despite their struggles to improve the village's prospects over recent decades, residents love their land and are proud of their slow lifestyle and pastoral environment. You can't put a price on that, he says.

“We were very poor,” agrees Hideo Takahashi, a fifth-generation family farmer in the village. “I did not even want to say I came from Iitate.”

Mr. Takahashi started growing broccoli some 30 years ago, hoping the produce would become a major crop there and many local farmers followed suit. Now Iitate is (or was) famous for quality broccoli.

“I was the first in the village to grow broccoli,” Takahashi recalls wistfully. For the past three decades, he has woken up at 3 a.m. every day to tend his rice, Turkish bellflower broccoli, and some leafy vegetables on 5.7 acres of fields and greenhouses.

The farmers' efforts to sustain their way of life drew praise from outsiders: “Those farmers are not like some others who sold off beautiful farmland to a large supermarket chain for big money,” says Seiju Sugeno, a farmer in nearby Nihonmatsu city.

Takahash had never thought about leaving the farm that his ancestors had tilled for at least 200 years. But now he says they have no choice.

“It has become known as a contaminated village,” says the mayor, shaking his head.

Nothing left to do but move on

Still, Mrs.Ichisawa, the cafe owner, says that while she still feels sad, she is more confident in relocating the business. At least, she says, the decision has been made.

“Wherever we go, we will manage. But we still hope to come back some day,” she says.

Fukushima Prefecture, a major grain-growing region, is ranked fourth in the nation‘s rice production and its 81,000 farmers produce 245 billion yen ($2.9 billion) worth of leafy vegetables, tomatoes, broccoli, and other produce a year.

Of the 6,100 residents in Iitate, mostly couples with small children, some 1,100 now have left the village. Of 1,700 households in the town, 1,200 are farming families.

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