Peru swears in new president: Who is Ollanta Humala?
Peru's new President Ollanta Humala is a former Army officer who once led a rebellion. He faces the task of maintaining rapid economic growth while diffusing growing social unrest.
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The cabinet looks, in some ways, like Humala’s own varied political positions throughout his long march to the presidential palace.Skip to next paragraph
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A retired Army officer, Humala shot to fame in October 2000, when he and a younger brother began a small military rebellion in the south of the country with the goal of toppling then-embattled former President Alberto Fujimori. Humala was briefly jailed and was in the process of being court-martialed. Instead, he was reinstated into the Army after Fujimori fled Peru and the presidency. Fujimori, meanwhile, is now in jail, serving a 25-year sentence for crimes committed during his 10-year rule (1990-2000).
Humala launched his first presidential bid in the 2006, making it to a runoff but lost to Alan García. He came in first in April in a field of 11 candidates, but again entered a runoff. He narrowly defeated Congresswoman Keiko Fujimori, the jailed president’s daughter, on June 5.
Humala ran in 2006 on a strong left-wing platform, embracing Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez’s “21st century socialism.” His original platform for this race was also strongly left wing, but that changed as the campaign advanced. Mr. Da Silva replaced Mr. Chávez as Humala's mentor, causing the president to move toward the center. The centrist move helped quiet his media critics, who were largely anti-Humala in the election.
Humala will face some difficulty with Peru's Congress, where his party has only 47 of the 130 seats. He will need to form an alliance with former President Alejandro Toledo’s party, which has 21 seats, to achieve much of his agenda. Raising the minimum wage by 20 percent and creating several new social programs, including a national daycare program and pension system for senior citizens with no coverage, will require the votes of other parties.
There is also the issue of Humala's family. One brother, Antauro, in is prison for trying his own rebellion, this time against former President Toledo in 2005. Four police officers were killed.
Another brother, Ulises, the oldest of the seven Humala siblings, also ran for president in 2006. He is a staunch political enemy of the new president. Sibling number five, Alexis, caused uproar in early July by traveling to Russia under the guise of “special envoy” of the president-elect. Humala said he did not know about the trip, and the brother apologized. Still, after the incident, Humala’s popularity in one public opinion poll dropped from 70 percent in June to 41 percent in July.
The incoming government knows it will be tough going.
“There are solutions to the many issues facing the country, but we have to be proactive and not wait until problems become crises. Five years is not a long time, but we can set the course of a more equitable society,” says Ricardo Giesecke, the new environment minister.
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