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Eyeing Middle East, Nicaragua's Ortega quashes weekend protests

The government of Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega organized a massive demonstration to dwarf an anti-Ortega march that was impeded by heavily armed riot police on Saturday.

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“This demonstrates the fear that Daniel Ortega has of the Nicaraguan people,” feminist leader and march organizer Azalia Solís said in a street interview, shouting over the bursts of homemade explosives shot in the air by protesters.

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In a strange way, Ms. Solís says, the government’s full-mobilization response, which cost an estimated hundreds of thousands of dollars to rent buses, print T-shirts and signs, erect stages in the street, and put on a rock concert, turned out to be an unexpected victory of sorts for the opposition.

“The reaction by the government and the fear that they showed of a small group of Nicaraguans is a great success," says Solís. "It shows the ruling party is not as all-powerful as they think they are; their situation of power is very fragile and precarious.”

Peace and love, by presidential order

The Sandinistas’ “March and Festival for Love, Peace and Life” was ostensibly organized by the Sandinista Youth movement, although first lady Rosario Murillo’s strong and quirky influence over the event was palpable.

The event, organized on a week’s notice, was quickly backed by other government-affiliated unions and state institutions.

With faces painted with peace signs and dressed in government-issued T-shirts that screamed peace and love, the Sandinistas occupied the major downtown crossing – the same spot the opposition had picked as the starting point for its march.

The Sandinistas held a variety of signs with messages alluding to peace, condemning the coalition attacks against Col. Muammar Qaddafi's forces in Libya, and defending Ortega’s reelection bid, which is prohibited by Article 147 of the Constitution.

Though the police had initially approved the opposition’s march route and agreed to provide protection, they ultimately prevented the march from happening after the Sandinistas preemptively occupied the streets. Police Chief Aminta Granera defended the police’s action in blocking the march, saying their job was to prevent bloodshed by keeping the two groups separated.

But to many in the opposition, it appeared as if the police were giving preferential option to the Sandinista demonstration. Indeed, while the Sandinistas were allowed to move freely through police barricades, the opposition and common citizens were stopped, redirected around the center of town, and denied access to whole sections of the city.

“The turnout to our march hasn’t been sufficiently large, but that’s because Daniel Ortega is fearful and has done everything possible to impede participation," says Sandinista dissident Moisés Hassan, one of the original five members of the Sandinista revolutionary junta in the 1980s. "The people who are here had to walk long distances, jump over fences, and confront police barricades, but they came against the current and despite the threats.”

Despite the relatively low turnout, Mr. Hassan said the opposition march was a sign of what’s to come as the November presidential election approaches. The former revolutionary leader says he thinks the answer to Nicaragua’s institutional and political crisis will have to be resolved in the streets.

Hassan says if the opposition’s initial effort to prevent “Ortega’s illegal candidacy” fails to keep the president from remaining in power beyond 2011, there will come a “second struggle to remove him from a false presidency.”

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