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Raúl Castro's visit with Chávez shows Cuba's need for oil

Venezuela's Hugo Chávez and Cuba's Raúl Castro signed a series of bilateral accords in Caracas on Saturday in Mr. Castro's first foreign trip since he succeeded his ailing brother Fidel.

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Jorge Piñón, a Cuban native who is the energy fellow at the University of Miami's Center for Hemispheric Policy, said the 94,000 to 96,000 barrels per day of crude oil, diesel, and jet fuel that Venezuela sends to Cuba amount to two-thirds of the petroleum products that the island nation consumes. It will be worth at least $3 billion in 2008, Piñón said.

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"If Chávez gets hit by a truck tomorrow, Cuba is in big trouble," he said.

Apparently with that in mind, Raúl Castro last month hosted Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and senior officials from the state oil company, Gazprom.

Cuba's foreign minister traveled to oil-rich Angola this year.

Raúl Castro has also hosted two visits in 2008 from Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and invited Brazil's powerhouse state oil company, Petrobras, to drill for oil offshore from Cuba.

Raúl Castro is traveling to Brazil for a two-day meeting that begins Tuesday of Latin American and Caribbean leaders. He will remain for a state visit in Brazil.

What's Cuba's 'Plan B'?

"Castro realizes that Cuba's Achilles Heel is Venezuela," Piñón said. "He's asking: What's Plan B?"

A "Plan B" that didn't involve Venezuela would be devastating to Chávez, who has cast himself as the political heir of Fidel Castro. Chávez travels frequently to Cuba to visit the ailing former leader and typically calls out "How are you, Fidel"? in English on his Sunday nationwide chats.

Raúl Castro suggested in remarks last month that Chávez pressured him to visit Venezuela before he went to Brazil.

For his part, Chávez had emphasized in recent days that Fidel Castro also made his first foreign trip abroad to Venezuela after assuming power, nearly 50 years ago, immediately after the Cuban Revolution triumphed.

Oil played a key role on that trip, too, but behind the scenes.

Some 20,000 delirious Venezuelans greeted Fidel Castro at the airport and thousands more turned out for a massive rally in downtown Caracas.

Fidel Castro said he came to Venezuela to thank President-elect Romulo Betancourt for supporting the Cuban Revolution.

But Mr. Betancourt disclosed later that Castro asked him for a $300 million loan to help Cuba end its dependence on the United States, wrote Robert Quirk in his 1993 biography, "Fidel Castro." Venezuela could make the payment in oil, Castro suggested.

Betancourt rebuffed him. Castro retaliated by sponsoring a guerrilla movement in Venezuela that attempted but failed to topple Venezuela's democracy.

Raúl Castro's visit reflects the sharply different panorama today.

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