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Mayor in Brazil transforms 'deadliest' town

It has fallen from sixth to 298th on the country's Violence Map.

By Andrew DownieCorrespondent / February 27, 2008

scott wallace -staff

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Vila Boa, Brazil

When he took office in 2004, Mayor Waldir Gualberto de Brito knew swift action was needed to bury the town's reputation as the most violent place in Brazil.

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The Violence Map, a periodic state-sponsored study, named Vila Boa the sixth-deadliest town in the country from 2002 to 2004.

Over the next three years, it fell to 298th.

Walking around this sleepy town of 4,300 people today, it is hard to imagine that anything dangerous happens here. Goats and horses walk the streets; bicycles outnumber cars.

Crime has fallen across Brazil in recent years, thanks to an improved economy, tougher police presence, and restrictions on guns and alcohol.

While these factors have helped Vila Boa – which is 100 miles northeast of Brasília, the capital – many also attribute the town's drastic transformation to Mayor de Brito's efforts to tackle the causes of violence, rather than violence itself.

"The priority was making people's lives better," de Brito says. "I knew that if we improved the quality of life, then we'd reduce crime."

De Brito, who has showered the town with public works programs and social services, says his first aim was to implement public policies designed to "help raise self esteem and give people hope."

"I think public administrators need to address the problems that lead people into crime," he adds.

Under his tenure, the town has installed a new drainage system to stop recurring floods, opened a second health clinic, and paved almost three miles of streets, raising the area of paved roads to 90 percent from 65 percent.

It built and delivered 80 low-cost houses to the poorest families and opened a community center with Internet access. A public plaza with recreational facilities is taking shape in the town center, while on the outskirts, laborers are building a new soccer field – the town's first to have bleachers.

Government-paid tutors are giving lessons to those wishing to earn a living as seamstresses, cheesemakers, artisans, or bakers. Kids can attend after-school soccer training and take citizenship classes taught by the police.

Residents say the town feels different and safer as a consequence.

Outside help

De Brito recognizes that his efforts aren't the only force behind the changes in town, which between 2005 and 2007 saw only one homicide, compared with 11 in the three years preceding.

External factors have helped greatly. Many of the town's poorest families get a regular income through the Bolsa Família, a federal aid program that pays parents to keep their children in school.

The mayor's affiliation with the Workers' Party of President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva may have helped secure federal funds for his public works programs, something de Brito himself acknowledges.

And the opening of a sugar cane factory nearby has provided hundreds of jobs and injected much-needed cash into the local economy.

More police, fewer weapons

In Vila Boa and other parts of Brazil, a greater police presence and restrictions on guns and alcohol have also helped reduce crime, experts agree.

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