Joint UN-African mission seeks to end LRA violence
A United Nations and African Union joint mission traveled to the Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan, and Uganda last week seeking regional cooperation from countries affected by the Lord's Resistance Army.
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The diplomats were met with assurances of commitment from all of the governments of LRA-affected countries. South Sudan Vice President Dr. Riek Machar, met directly with the AU and UN officials. Machar said the government of South Sudan was ready to contribute troops to the Regional Intervention Force, which is said to consist of 5,000 troops from the four countries (though Enough sources suggest the final number may be closer to 3,500), and a Joint Operations Center is being readied in Yambio, in southwest South Sudan. He noted that the countries must combine resources to stop Joseph Kony, leader of the LRA, and end the many atrocities committed by the group. Likewise, while the diplomats were in Kampala the Ugandan defense minister, Jeje Odongo, reasserted the Uganda’s commitment to the anti-LRA initiative and announced the nomination of Ugandan Colonel Dick Prit Olum as commander in chief of the Regional Intervention Force.Skip to next paragraph
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The mission addressed regional tensions that have been plaguing military operations combatting the LRA. Of particular concern is the ability of other armies, particularly the Ugandan army, to operate in LRA-affected areas in the DRC to pursue the LRA and protect civilians. Given that officials in Kinshasa asked the Ugandan army several months ago to halt operations in their territory, an agreement between these neighboring countries is greatly needed.
The Congolese have been wary of the idea of Ugandan troops for historical reasons, however Ugandan forces will make up the vast majority of the current counter-LRA mission, operating in Congolese territory. After getting approval from the authorities in Bangui, Juba, and Kampala, a Congolese government official said he “was not against” cross-border troop operations with the caveat that the terms of the patrols would be “well defined, justified, and targeted." A clear agreement between Kinshasa and Kampala will be critical for ensuring that the regional task force can operate effectively. The Obama administration, working with the AU special envoy, should make this a priority.
The U.S. decision to send approximately 100 military personnel to the region was a focus of many high-level discussions during this trip. CAR’s defense minister, Jean-Francis Bozizé, noted, "With the arrival of US forces to help in the fight against the LRA, it has been observed that there was no clear coordination of operations. This is why this AU mission has come to find out ways to unify these operations." Both Congolese authorities and Ambassador Madeira called on the US to invest more in the fight against Kony and the LRA, citing the need for modern technology and communications equipment in apprehending the group’s top commanders.
UNOCA noted that SRSG Moussa will brief the U.N. Secretary-General and the Security Council before May 31, 2012 about the progress of coordination between the AU, UN, and affected countries in their mission to end the LRA.
-Anette LaRocco blogs for the Enough Project at Enough Said. Juliana Stebbins contributed to this post.
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