South Sudan's post-referendum calm ended by clashes with renegade militia
South Sudan was racked with violence last week as a renegade militia group – supported by northern Sudan, some say – clashed with the South Sudanese army, leaving more than 200 dead.
The number of people killed in violent clashes between renegade general George Athor’s forces and the South Sudanese army is double what was previously known, according to media reports citing southern officials. Over 200 southerners died in fighting that raged for two days late last week, according to the Associated Press.
Most casualties were reportedly civilians. One southern official who recently visited the site of violence called the fighting a “massacre” and said Athor’s men pursued civilians into a river, where some were shot and others drowned.
South Sudan’s ruling party is publicly accusing the Sudanese government of supporting Athor as well as other militias in the South. "It is common knowledge that all the militia groups are receiving armaments and financing and support from circles within northern Sudan," said top party official Pagan Amum, the AP reported.
Though Athor’s motivations remain unclear, his rebellion appeared linked to grievances generated by elections last year. Widespread abuses were documented during the vote, many committed by security forces aligned with the ruling party against opposition supporters and members.
Khartoum has long exploited divisions in its aggrieved peripheries in order to foment instability. Providing support to militias was a tactic employed in the South during the two decades-long North-South civil war as well as in Darfur to devastating effect. The two conflicts combined led to the deaths of almost three million people.
Among those killed from last week’s fighting were relatives of a recently reconciled militia leader Gabriel Tanginye who Amum says has returned to South Sudan with arms. Amum alleges that Tanginye has realigned with Khartoum after reconciling with the South Sudanese government last October, raising fears of further violence.
Renewed fighting between Athor and the southern army marks the end to a ceasefire agreement that was hastily signed before South Sudan’s referendum.