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Is Liberia turning into a haven for militant groups - again?

Human Rights Watch issues report saying Liberia is failing to control rebel groups launching raids into neighboring Cote D'Ivoire. Liberia rejects the charges.

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“For well over a year, the Liberian government has had its head in the sand in responding to the flood of war criminals who crossed into the country at the end of the Ivorian crisis,” stated Matt Wells, West Africa researcher at Human Rights Watch, in the report. “Rather than uphold its responsibility to prosecute or extradite those involved in international crimes, Liberian authorities have stood by as many of these same people recruit child soldiers and carry out deadly cross-border attacks.”

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Not only Liberia

The rights group also criticized Ghanaian authorities of failing to act on arrest warrants and extradition requests issued by the Ivorian government for members of Gbagbo’s political and military elite, many of whom are allegedly funding the attacks from Ghana. Among those believed to be in Ghana is former President Laurent Gbagbo's youth militia leader, Charles Blé Goudé. 

The Liberian government, for its part, says that while Liberia does have problem with “non-state actors” along the border, it is doing everything possible to address the issue. At a press conference, Lewis Brown, the Minister of Information, claimed the report was inaccurate and based on hearsay and ignored the efforts the government was making.

“We are not saying that along the vast border areas between La Cote D’Ivoire and Liberia that we do not have on either side of the border the presence of non-state actors,” Mr. Brown said at a press conference at the Ministry of Information in Monrovia. “We are saying that the report makes what we believe is an outlandish claim that the government of Liberia is doing nothing.”

Brown also said the report suggested Liberia was helping fuel conflict in the region, a sensitive topic given Liberia’s recent history and the recent guilty verdict and sentencing of Charles Taylor in the Hague last month, for aiding and abetting the civil war in neighboring Sierra Leone

“Liberia is not in the business of fanning the flames of insurrection of a neighboring country, we are not and this report tries to suggest that we are doing that,” said Brown. “It is unfair to Liberia and unfair to Liberians.”

Lashing out at rights groups

He also hit out at the rights groups for failing to underline the security threat the presence of “non-state actors” on the border between the nations poses to Liberia.

The United Nations Mission in Liberia, which maintains the peace in the small West African nation with a force of 8,000 peacekeepers, responded to a request for comment from The Christian Science Monitor by e-mail.

“UNMIL takes the points and concerns raised by the HRW report very seriously. The movement of suspected fighters from Côte D’Ivoire, both Liberian and Ivorian, is a major concern for Liberia, and the mission is working closely with the Liberian authorities to monitor border areas, to ensure that the security of Liberia and its citizens is not at risk.”

President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf was in the United States when the report was released. No one at the executive mansion was available for comment. 

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