Zambia's new President Sata sets new mining rules for China
President Michael Sata, known for hard rhetoric against abuses at Chinese-operated mines in Zambia, says that Chinese firms are welcome to stay if they abide by Zambian labor laws.
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“The Chinese and other investors will not leave because even when mineral royalty and other taxes are raised, the mines will still be making good profit,” Mr. Sichinga says. “Government has known that they are not receiving their fair share of mineral wealth. But the new government wants things to change so that Zambians will also benefit.”Skip to next paragraph
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Burnishing their image
The sudden pay raise at Chambishi Copper Mine is perhaps a belated effort for Chinese mine operators to burnish their image, an image that has been tarnished by abusive treatment and violence against Zambian employees.
In 2005, five Zambians were shot and wounded by managers during a riot of mineworkers at Chambishi Mine.
Five years later, Chambishi’s shootout was repeated five years later by another Chinese-owned company – Collum Coal Mine – when two Chinese managers at the mine shot and wounded 12 miners who were protesting against salary delays. The incident left two miners critically injured and the two managers arrested. But charges against the two managers were dropped when the mine management offered to compensate the injured miners.
In December of the same year, Collum Coal Mine was in the news again when a Zambian miner was reported to have died in police cells after he was detained because of a dispute he had had with one of the mine managers.
Human rights activists in Zambia say that Chinese investors have held the worst record in terms of negligence and abuse of Zambian employees.
A sign of things to come?
Joseph Katema, a Chingola-based parliamentarian from Sata’s party, says that the Chinese pay raise at Chambishi is the beginning of better things to come for Zambian mine workers under the Patriotic Front (PF) government, which promised to initiate major economic development changes within the first 90 days of assuming power.
The Chinese mine investors knew the right thing to do under the previous government, Mr. Katema says, but they took advantage of the weak and corrupt leadership of the previous Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD) government.
“The Chinese investors are here to make profit, so if they can get away with abusing and, even, not paying workers because of a corrupt or weak government, they would gladly do that,” Katema says.
At his meeting with Sata, Ambassador Zhou promised to assist the new government in ensuring that investors of Chinese origin observe local labor laws.
“The Chinese policy is that all Chinese nationals working in other countries respect local labor laws,” Zhou said, “they must observe the laws of the land anywhere in the world.”
Sata reportedly replied, “When your countrymen adhere to local laws, there will be no need of pointing fingers at each other.”
China, ever vigilant at maintaining relations with the government in power, extended an invitation to Sata to pay a state visit to President Hu. Sata's response was cool. “I will respond to the invitation soon,” he told Zhou.