South Sudan upbeat amid vote, but threat of border violence casts shadow
Lines were long on the peaceful second day of voting in South Sudan's independence referendum. But concerns rose over clashes in the Abyei region, along the north-south border.
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“Abyei is being denied a referendum on self-determination in direct violation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. We have yet to see what ‘deal’ may be done between the SPLM-NCP on the region, and how this might be sold to local inhabitants,” said Claire McEvoy of the Geneva-based Small Arms Survey, a think tank. “To date, there is no agreement on either the future of the area, or its borders.”Skip to next paragraph
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When President Omar al-Bashir visited the Southern Sudanese capital last Tuesday, he issued supportive statements toward the south and expressed his desire for peaceful north-south relations regardless of the result of the southern referendum.
In Khartoum on Friday, he had harsher words for Abyei, warning of war if the Ngok Dinka attempted to unilaterally hold their own vote. "We will not accept Abyei to be part of the south," Bashir told Al Jazeera television over the weekend. "If any party takes independent action over Abyei, that would be the beginning of a conflict."
In this tense climate were a series of attacks which began on Friday.
Reports of these attacks vary widely. Misseriya leaders say innocent herders were attacked by Abyei area police who favor the Ngok Dinka, while southern officials say the Misseriya were armed with heavy artillery and supported by Khartoum-backed militias, and that the attacks were planned.
In a statement on Sunday, President Obama said that “violence in the Abyei region should cease,” and noted that “while a successful vote will be cause for celebration, an enormous amount of work remains to ensure the people of Sudan can live with security and dignity.”
Back in Juba, a Southern Sudanese domestic observer group, SUDEMOP, reported that the first day of polling went smoothly and that the conduct of referendum officials, including polling staff and security officers, had improved since last April’s general elections.
“I wanted the referendum because I was tired,” said Susan Riak, dressed in a colorful print dress and wearing a cross around her neck. “We lost our parents and we suffered. We want separation,” she said as she exited a polling station in a primary school in Juba.