Du Bois was an American sociologist, writer, historian, and civil rights activist. He was also the first African-American to receive a doctorate from Harvard University. Du Bois was catapulted into the national spotlight by the Niagara Movement, a civil rights organization he helped to found in 1905, and which advocated a more militant approach towards disenfranchisement and segregation issues.
He was an ardent advocate of Pan-Africanism, a notion that promotes African solidarity against racial discrimination and the continent’s colonization. A prolific writer and contributor to African-American literature, DuBois published 19 books and numerous articles, such as “Black Reconstruction in America,” and his magnum opus, “The Souls of Black Folk.”