Iowans pick Huckabee and Obama, endorsing change
Caucus results shake up the race for the White House in both parties.
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Coming out of Iowa, another big question centers on national frontrunner Rudolph Giuliani, the former mayor of New York. He has followed an unorthodox strategy for primary season: He mostly skipped Iowa, has campaigned sporadically in New Hampshire, and chose to focus on the big, delegate-rich states that vote later in primary season. To him, the first important contest is Florida, which holds its primary Jan. 29. Then he intends to clean up in the populous states that hold their primaries Feb. 5, or "super-duper Tuesday," including California, New York, New Jersey, Missouri, and Georgia. In all, almost two dozen states hold primaries that day.Skip to next paragraph
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In national polls taken before the Iowa caucuses, Mr. Giuliani remains at the top – barely – competing most closely with McCain and Huckabee. But his unusual strategy has been risky from the outset, analysts say. If different candidates win the Republican contests before Florida – New Hampshire, Michigan (Jan. 15), Nevada (Jan. 19), and South Carolina (Jan. 19) – then Giuliani's gambit could work.
But "he is not in control," says independent pollster John Zogby. "Meanwhile, one thing is clear: that Giuliani has lost Iowa and he'll lose New Hampshire, Michigan, and South Carolina. Things have to be really in a muddle for this thing to work."
At this stage, it would be foolish to rule out much of the Republican field as potential nominees, says GOP pollster Whit Ayres, who is not working for a presidential candidate. Huckabee, a former Baptist minister, has fought the idea that he could be a "one-state wonder" in winning Iowa, much like the Rev. Pat Robertson, who won Iowa in 1988 on the Republican side, only to fade.
"Nationally, religious conservatives or social conservatives are about one-third of the electorate, and economic conservatives are two-thirds," says Mr. Ayres. "If he ever gets himself in a one-on-one campaign with an economic conservative, he's going to have to expand his coalition very quickly."
But after winning Iowa, Ayres says, Huckabee is still very much in the hunt. Even though the Arkansan trails in New Hampshire, which has a small religious conservative population, he has been leading the polls in South Carolina, even before his Iowa victory.