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Beyond 'don't ask, don't tell': How is military planning to make it work?

As the military marches into a post 'don't ask, don't tell' future, some policies will be easier to devise than others. Troops' living conditions will be relatively simple. Rights for gay partners won't.

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At times, the study’s recommendations on how to handle various situations arising from repeal of the law have been cause for some humor in the Pentagon halls for their specificity. “Common sense tells us that a situation in which people of different anatomy shower together is different from a situation in which people of the same anatomy but different sexual orientations shower together. … As one gay former service member told us, to fit in, co-exist, and conform to social norms, gay men have learned to avoid making heterosexuals feel uncomfortable or threatened in these situations.”

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The study concludes, however, that commanders can “retain the authority they currently have to alter berthing or billeting assignments or accommodate privacy concerns on an individualized, case-by-case basis, in the interests of morale, good order and discipline.”

Impact of other laws

There are, too, current laws that prevent the partners of gay troops from having the same benefits of spouses, even if the homosexual couple is legally married in a state that allows it. The Defense of Marriage Act, for example, defines marriage to mean “only a legal union between one man and one woman as husband and wife” and spouse to mean “only a person of the opposite sex who is a husband or wife.”

As a result, according to the Pentagon study, “under current law, full benefit parity between spouses of heterosexual service members and same-sex partners of gay and lesbian service members in committed relationships is legally impossible.”

Specifically, for example, cash housing benefits for soldiers living off-base “are statutorily defined in a way that does not allow extension to any same-sex relationship.” Though service members who have spouses are entitled to “significantly higher” allowances if they have “dependents,” a dependent is also defined by law, the Pentagon study points out, and is limited to children, dependent parents, and a “spouse,” which under the federal Defense of Marriage Act must be a person of the opposite sex.

Likewise, military health-care benefits for same-sex partners “are legally limited in the same way, because coverage is for ‘dependents’ and that term is defined by law.”

The Pentagon’s study “simply cannot recommend” that the Defense Department extend these housing benefits to same-sex couples, “because it would be legally impermissible to do so.” Nor did the task force, as a result, address the “fiscal implications of extending these types of benefits.”

But there may be more changes on the horizon that overturns current law and may force the military to readdress many of these issues even as it begins implementing the law in the months to come. In July, a federal district court in Boston declared the Defense of Marriage Act unconstitutional. That case, the Pentagon study points out, is currently under appeal.

IN PICTURES: The US Marine Corps

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