Somalia famine spreads to new region in south; warning issued on aid
The Somalia famine has spread to the Bay region, where acute malnutrition afflicts a majority of children, the UN says. Aid experts say the starving are losing the strength to reach refugee camps.
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And with fewer Somalis every day possessing the energy or means to flee the famine’s extending reach, it is critical, some humanitarian experts say, that aid efforts no longer rely on affected populations getting to refugee camps that have mushroomed in neighboring countries, such as Kenya.
Instead, food and other assistance must reach the starving in southern Somalia, they say.
Tens of thousands of people – in large part children – have died in the Horn of Africa country since July when a state of famine was declared, the UN says.
On Monday UN officials added Somalia’s Bay region to the list of famine zones, making it the sixth region to join the list. Nearly two-thirds of all children in the Bay region are acutely malnourished.
Famine could spread to include all of southern Somalia before October rains arrive and begin to alleviate the country’s dire conditions, officials say.
Speaking to reporters in Nairobi Monday, the UN’s humanitarian coordinator for Somalia, Mark Bowden, said the only way to reduce the anticipated number of famine-related deaths would be a massive influx of international aid. The international community must also “refocus” its aid efforts on southern Somalia, he added, which he called the “epicenter” of a drought-related crisis affecting the entire Horn of Africa.
While all of Somalia suffers from having a government in name only, it is particularly hard to get aid into the south, which is controlled to some degree by Al Shabab, an Al Qaeda-affiliated extremist organization. The group’s fighters prevent the hungry from leaving in search of assistance, and until recently the group banned all aid groups from the south, claiming famine was a Western fabrication.
Al Shabab leaders recently relented and have started allowing the International Committee of the Red Cross/Red Crescent and some Muslim charities to deliver aid in southern Somalia. But some residents of southern Somalia, as well as some in the capital of Mogadishu, complain that aid deliveries are often commandeered by armed men – who presumably take food supplies to feed soldiers or militants.