With Arabs, Obama never had a honeymoon
Two recent polls show that Arab nations have not embraced the president the way other areas of the world have.
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Among the two polls' notable findings ahead of Obama's speech:Skip to next paragraph
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•When asked which countries pose the biggest threat to their well-being, Arabs by and large name the same two they have for years: the US and Israel.
•For the first time, Iran emerges as a "threat" for a small but significant number of Arabs – particularly in Egypt and Morocco. Though Iran is a Muslim country, it is not Arabic. Moreover, Iran is predominately Shi'ite Muslim, whereas the Arabic world is predominately Sunni, with the notable exception of Iraq.
•Arabs worry that war will again engulf the region if progress is not made in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in the next year to 18 months.
•Yet, as in the past, a slight majority believe peace between Israel and the Palestinians "will never happen."
On Iran, the surveys show that a majority of Arabs believe the country is pursuing nuclear weaponry, despite its claims that its program is for peaceful energy purposes. Large numbers of Arabs say Iran is being singled out by the international community because it is a Muslim country, but for the first time a significant number – again, especially in Egypt and Morocco – say Iran should be pressed to stop its nuclear program.
One-fifth of Arabs put Iran on the list of "threatening" countries, largely because Iran's activities in the region and its support for proxy groups like Hizbullah and to a lesser extent Hamas are drawing attention, says the University of Maryland's Telhami.
Al Qaeda, however, is absent – either as an admired or feared group. "Al Qaeda is really decreasing as a focus in the region," says Marc Lynch, a Middle East specialist at George Washington University in Washington.
But that does not mean the attraction of "resistance," either to the Western world or to reigning regimes, has dissipated. "Hamas and Hizbullah have captured that better," Mr. Lynch says.
In any case, Telhami adds, the role of Al Qaeda was "elevated" by the US: "It was never the central player in Arab discourse."
In Egypt, where Obama will give his speech, skepticism remains high about whether Obama can change the dynamics of the Israel-Palestinian conflict. Some 37 percent of Egyptians said he could, but 32 percent said he could not.
"Too many people still think no US president can make a difference in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict," Zogby says.
Still, George Washington's Lynch says the polling tells him that Obama does have an opportunity. "There is a window of hope and of expectation that Obama can change US foreign policy," Lynch says. "But that window is not going to stay open very long."
If Obama cannot get results soon on concrete issues like Israeli settlements in the West Bank, "that window is going to crash closed for a very long time."