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Jerusalem's markets: the diplomacy of food

From the Monitor's weekly InPictures section, a look at Jerusalem's divisions and diversity through its markets.

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    Shmuel Haim works at his father’s fruit stall in the Mahane Yehuda market in Jerusalem. The stall, where Mr. Haim has been working since he was 13, was first opened by his grandfather more than 60 years ago.
    Ann Hermes/Staff
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Rarely have I seen such a lively, such a broad spectrum of races and socioeconomic classes as I did in the food markets of Jerusalem. The city is divided into a predominantly Jewish western side and a largely Palestinian eastern half. Most shop owners cater to customers who look like themselves and their neighbors. But there are some striking exceptions to this. While photographing and interviewing for this story, I came across many shop owners who consciously work to attract a diverse clientele, from the goods they stock to the prices they charge. While many of Jerusalem’s markets reflect deep divides, some harbor unexpected pockets of peace and coexistence. - Ann Hermes

Jerusalem Markets Gallery

Fatimah Assa, a Palestinian from Bethlehem, has been selling grape leaves at the Damascus Gate near the Old City in Jerusalem for more than 30 years. ‘Warak dawali,’ as they’re called in Arabic, are stuffed with rice and spices and then cooked with meat. Ann Hermes/Staff

Story by Christa Case Bryant

Jerusalemites love their food, whether it’s a pomegranate bursting with tart seeds or a hot pita puffed three inches tall. The city’s wares reflect the wide spectrum of humanity that calls Jerusalem home: Arab grandmothers peddling herbs on the worn stones of the Muslim quarter, Jewish fishmongers at the Mahane Yehuda market, ultra-Orthodox men stocking Eastern European foods, and supermarkets offering Skippy peanut butter.

The markets also reflect the broad range of shoppers’ pocketbooks here, from inexpensive Arab grocers to the midrange Mahane Yehuda shuk– a gritty but increasingly trendy Middle Eastern version of US farmers markets – to boutique markets in posh West Jerusalem neighborhoods. Depending on a shopper’s path, grocery expenses can vary widely from day to day, sometimes costing four times as much depending on the shop.

So why doesn’t everyone shop at the cheapest place? Most Jews won’t venture into the Arab neighborhoods of East Jerusalem out of fear. At the cheap Israeli supermarkets, customers often must wait in line for half an hour or more, and more than one mini-war has broken out over the limited parking spaces nearby. There are amazing deals to be found at the shuk on Fridays just before Shabbat (Jewish Sabbath), but shoppers have to fight flying boxes, fast-shutting doors, and rotten vegetables thrown out on the cobblestones.

Avraham Cohen works behind the counter at Hadar Geula, a prepared-food shop in Jerusalem. The shop, owned by Menucha Rot and her husband, primarily serves the ultra-Orthodox Jewish community and Jewish tourists. They specialize in ready-made pareve food often served for Shabbat dinner. Ann Hermes/Staff

But when one gets home and begins cooking, and the fragrance of luscious mint and fresh lemons fills the house, the struggle is all but forgotten in the inimitable taste of Jerusalem. In fact, the challenge may even add its own special flavor. But the best flavor is that of hospitality – sitting around a platter of steaming dawali to break the Ramadan fast, or even tasting the bitter herbs of a Passover seder before the big meal begins.

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