Public school spending lags despite economic rebound
Public schools have had little success in recovering pre-recession funding as local property taxes remain low, leaving districts scrambling to make up budget gaps with emergency coffers and state-funded grants.
At least 34 states are providing less funding per student in the current school year than before the recession hit. Moreover, at least 15 have lower funding than a year ago, according to the liberal-leaning Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, which closely tracks state spending.Skip to next paragraph
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That creates a serious dent in local school budgets: states provide 44 percent of the country's total education funding.
Districts are struggling to make up for the losses as local property taxes, their primary source of revenue, stay down. Localities collected 2.1 percent less in property tax revenue in the year ending in March than in the previous year, according to the CBPP.
Last month, the Chicago Board of Education, which runs the nation's third largest public school system, had to tap its budget reserves to cover a $1 billion deficit caused by climbing pension payments and salaries and by declining revenues.
Philadelphia's school district is counting on a $45 million state grant to help it cover a $100 million shortfall, which the governor will not release unless teachers make concessions in a new labor pact.
The report comes amid shaky prospects for federal education funding. The U.S. government only provides 5 percent of school money nationwide, but some districts rely heavily on special grant programs that are subject to the automatic spending cuts known as sequestration.
At the same time, Congress has failed to pass a new version of the school funding law known as No Child Left Behind, and critics say that amounts distributed through President Barack Obama's No Child Left Behind grants are too low.