Mom settles suit: Poppy seed bagel led to false positive in hospital drug test

A Pennsylvania mom settled a lawsuit over a hospital drug test she failed because she had eaten a poppy seed bagel. Poppy seeds have trace amounts of opium in them. 

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    Mom settles suit after she failed a hospital drug test due to a poppy seed bagel she had eaten before the test. Pictured, an orange ornamental poppy.
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A woman – who had her newborn taken away because she failed a hospital drug test after she ate a poppy seed bagel – has settled a lawsuit over the case.

Lawrence County's child welfare agency and Jameson Hospital have paid $143,500 to settle the suit filed on behalf of Elizabeth Mort by the American Civil Liberties Union of Pennsylvania, which announced the settlement Tuesday.

Mort sued in October 2010, alleging that a poppy seed bagel she ate shortly before arriving at the hospital spurred a positive testf or opiates in April 2010. That test prompted the state seizure of her 3-day-old daughter, Isabella Rodriguez.

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Mort said she was home with her baby when a county child welfare caseworker arrived with an emergency protective custody order and took Isabella.

The lawsuit alleged Mort was never told in the hospital that she had failed a drug test, nor was she asked if she had eaten anything that could have affected the test results.

The infant was returned five days later, after local officials agreed there was no evidence the mother had used illegal drugs.

The suit argued that Jameson Hospital used a much lower threshold for drug screening than federal guidelines, resulting in more false positives from common foods and medicines. The federal standard is 2,000 nanograms per milliliter, but Jameson Hospital used a reading of 300 nanograms, according to the lawsuit.

ACLU officials said Tuesday the hospital and county have implemented policy changes so newborns aren't taken from parents based only on maternal drug tests, which can be inaccurate.

"We hope that this case will encourage hospitals that routinely test pregnant women for drug use to reconsider that practice due to the harm that can result from false positives," said Pennsylvania ACLU staff attorney Sara Rose.

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