York, Pa., known as the ‘white rose city’ after the symbol for the British House of York, retains much its architecture from the past, with buildings sporting cupolas, columns, and the occasional turret. Mary Knox Merrill / Staff
York likes to pay homage to wars of the past, as these streets signs in a suburban neighborhood show, one evoking a seminal battle in the Civil War and the other the epic Allied invasion in World War II. Mary Knox Merrill / Staff
Dana Shearon, an instructional aide at Central York Middle School, stands in front of a bulletin board that honors local ‘heroes’ who are either currently in the military or who have died while serving. Mary Knox Merrill / Staff
Tom Roberts, a former US Marine who served two tours in Vietnam, gets a haircut from Charlie Alfano, owner of a barbershop in downtown York. Mr. Roberts believes people’s support for war always wanes, as it is now for the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts. ‘We need some sort of resolution,’ he says. Mary Knox Merrill / Staff
A mural in downtown York commemorates the ‘York plan,’ a venture by local manufacturers during World War II to win armament contracts. Mary Knox Merrill / Staff
Craig Trebilcock (holding flag) poses with other US soldiers in Basra, Iraq. Mr. Trebilcock, a York lawyer and member of the Army Reserves, served in Iraq in 2003 and 2004, during the invasion and early reconstruction. Courtesy of Craig Trebilcock
Craig Trebilcock eats dinner with his wife, Terrie, at their home in Glen Rock, Pa. Mr. Trebilcock believes Americans aren’t asked to sacrifice for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, so no one notices them. ‘We can go fight two wars at the same time, and most people don’t even feel a pinprick,’ he says. Mary Knox Merrill / Staff
Authorities honor service members killed in war by hoisting two flags during burial ceremonies at Prospect Hill Cemetery – the Stars and Stripes and a military service flag. Mary Knox Merrill / Staff
Leada Dietz, a coordinator of People for Peace and Justice, poses in the York town square with a sign she held during weekly peace vigils from 2002 to 2008. Mary Knox Merrill / Staff
A Vietnam memorial, erected in 2009, honors York County residents who died in the war in Southeast Asia. Mary Knox Merrill / Staff
Jack Sommer, president of the Prospect Hill Cemetery, stands in front of a a new memorial that honors area residents who have received medals of valor for their service in the military. Mary Knox Merrill / Staff
Phil Avillo, a retired York College history professor, served in Vietnam in the mid-1960s (left). He lost a leg in the war and later coached the college lacrosse team for eight years (inset). He says most communities are ‘unaffected’ by the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Courtesy of Phil Avillo
Daniel Meckley III, a retired corporate executive, shows a picture of him and his wife, Eleanor Oberdick, on their wedding day in 1945. Mr. Meckley, a Naval officer in World War II, says there was an ‘indomitable spirit’ about the war back then. Today, he says, Iraq and Afghanistan are ‘out of sight, out of mind.’ Mary Knox Merrill / Staff
An American flag hangs on a house in York, a patriotic city where monuments commemorate wars dating back to the American Revolution. Mary Knox Merrill / Staff
Pope Francis has set off a diplomatic fracas between the Vatican and the Turkish government after referring to the massacre of up to 1.5 million Armenians by the Ottoman government 100 years ago as a 'genocide.'
Pope Francis sparked a diplomatic row on Sunday by calling the massacre of up to 1.5 million Armenians 100 years ago "the first genocide of the 20th century," prompting Turkey to accuse him of inciting hatred.