A child’s notebook lies near a burned out home in Eldoret, Kenya, which suffered widespread violence after 2007 elections. Melanie Stetson Freeman/Staff
Businessmen chat in downtown Nairobi. The Kenyan capital is a modern, busy city. Melanie Stetson Freeman/Staff
Olga Thimbela hugs a foster child, one of six AIDS orphans she and Pontsho Monamodi of South Africa took in after
family members died. Melanie Stetson Freeman/Staff
Two young girls come back from gathering firewood on the outskirts of "Mugungu 2" refugee camp in Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo. The refugees have been displaced by a war going on in the Congo since 1998 that has killed more than 3 million people. Mary Knox Merrill/The Christian Science Monitor
Students stroll between classes at the School of Finance and Banking in Kigali, Rwanda. It is the only business school in Rwanda, and many of its graduates go on to top jobs in government and finance. Mary Knox Merrill/The Christian Science Monitor
Jeff Gasana, a young entrepreneur and founder of a mobile network service provider in Kigali, Rwanda, has created numerous applications for cellphones, including ones that help people pay their electric bills and farmers peruse commodity prices. ‘I can see the lives of people changing, starting businesses,’ says Mr. Gasana. Mary Knox Merrill/The Christian Science Monitor
Women talk about a water shortage at the Touloum refugee camp in Chad. The water usually runs out before the 23,000 refugees, who fled violence in the Darfur region of Sudan, are served. Melanie Stetson Freeman/Staff
Commerce thrived in the central market of Bujumbura, Burundi, in 2006. Melanie Stetson Freeman/Staff
People stroll along a road in a typical village on the outskirts of Kudavu, in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Mary Knox Merrill/The Christian Science Monitor
Passengers line up early in the morning as they wait for taxis. Minivan taxis are the main mode of transport for the vast majority of South Africans - especially blacks from the townships - as they travel to and from work. Melanie Stetson Freeman/Staff
Local Chadians, mixed in with some Sudanese refugees, collected water from a well that had almost run dry. At the end of the 2007 dry season, water was scarcer that usual and mud was visible at the foot of the well. Water is a constant problem for inhabitants of the Sahel desert – compounded by the presence of tens of thousands of refugees nearby.
Melanie Stetson Freeman/Staff
Many ethnic Kikuyus fled to a tent city refugee camp in Eldoret, Kenya, in 2007. Eldoret, in the western part of the country, suffered widespread violence after a botched presidential election. Most of the displaced people were afraid to go home in the aftermath of inter-tribal strife between the Kikuyus and the Kalenjins. Melanie Stetson Freeman/Staff
Lwaboshi Bahati (l.), a villager in the Democratic Republic of Congo shown here in 2009, banished his wife from their home after she and their daughter were raped by rebels with the Democratic Liberation Forces for Rwanda (FDLR). After local community leaders educated Mr. Bahati, he took his wife back. Bahati estimated that FDLR rebels had raped 70 percent of the women in their village of Kanyola. Mary Knox Merrill/The Christian Science Monitor
Kondwand Kalenga wielded a hoe as he worked with Mafauko Kalenga to prepare land for planting near Lilongwe, Malawi, in 2002. Kondwand and Mafauko were two of eight children who helped out in fields, which were made arable in the dry season by irrigation techniques taught by Concern Worldwide, an Irish nongovernmental organization.
Andy Nelson/The Christian Science Monitor
Eliam Diamond pushed his bicycle, laden with more than 200 pounds of food, three miles to his village after receiving the provisions at a distribution center in nearby Ngodzi, Malawi. Andy Nelson/The Christian Science Monitor
Slowing to a stop at an intersection in the developing world, it’s not uncommon to look out the car window and see children – often clad in tattered clothes or without shoes – buzz into traffic to solicit donations.