Pro-Palestinian protesters run into a trench after breaching a barbed wire fence between Israel and Syria near the village of Majdal Shams in the Golan Heights on June 5. Israeli troops battled hundreds of protesters, killing a reported 20 people. Ronen Zvulun/Reuters
An Israeli riot police officer fires tear gas at protesters, not seen, near Majdal Shams in the Golan Heights on June 5. A crowd of hundreds rallied to a Facebook call to march to the frontier on the 44th anniversary of the Arab defeat in the 1967 Middle East war. Ariel Schalit/AP
Pro-Palestinians protesters run from tear gas fired by Israeli troops, not seen, near the village of Majdal Shams in the Golan Heights on June 5. Israel captured the Golan Heights from Syria in the 1967 Middle East war and annexed the territory in 1981, a move not recognized internationally. Oded Balilty/AP
Israeli soldiers take positions on the ceasefire line between Syria and Israel in the Golan Heights on June 5. Stringer/Reuters
Palestinian and Syrian protesters take cover from tear gas fired by Israeli soldiers across from the Golan Heights in the village of Quneitra, Syria, on June 5. Bassem Tellawi/AP
Pro-Palestinian protesters try to break a fence along the border between Israel and Syria near Majdal Shams in the Golan Heights on June 5. Ariel Schalit/AP
Residents in Majdal Shams throw stones at Israeli troops on the Syrian-Israeli border in the Golan Heights on June 5. Nir Elias/Reuters
Protesters climb up a hill as they carry an injured man away from the Syrian-Israeli border near Majdal Shams in the Golan Heights on June 5. Nir Elias/Reuters
Israeli security forces stand in Majdal Shams in the Golan Heights as protesters congregate on the Syrian side of the Israeli-Syrian border on June 5. Nir Elias/Reuters
Palestinian mourners carry coffins of protesters who were killed when Israeli soldiers opened fire at them on June 5 on the Israeli-controlled Golan Heights, during a funeral procession at Khan al-Shih Palestinian refugee camp near Damascus, Syria, on June 6. Bassem Tellawi/AP
Israeli troops patrol the border between Israel and Syria near Majdal Shams in the Golan Heights on June 6, bracing for more border violence after a day of deadly clashes with pro-Palestinian protesters who tried to surge into the Israeli-controlled Golan Heights from Syria. Ariel Schalit/AP
Seventy years ago, AP's Joe Rosenthal took the now iconic photo of US Marines raising the flag at Iwo Jima. The Christian Science Monitor reported why the tiny island played such a huge role in the war's Pacific theater.
ByJoseph C. Harsch, Staff writer
This article originally ran in The Christian Science Monitor on Feb. 23, 1945, on the same day when Associated Press photographer Joe Rosenthal took the now iconic photo of US Marines raising the nation's flag on the island of Iwo Jima in the Pacific Ocean. The Monitor's Joseph C. Harsch explained at the time why Iwo Jima played such an important role in the US campaign in the Pacific during World War II.