National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) administrator Charles Bolden lays a wreath at a Challenger memorial at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Va., on Jan. 27, in commemoration of NASA's National Day of Remembrance. Jan. 28 marks the 25th anniversary of the explosion of the space shuttle Challenger, which killed seven astronauts in 1986. Manuel Balce Ceneta/AP
Henry Cruz looks at a space shuttle Challenger replica honoring USAF Colonel Ellison Onizuka, the first Japanese-American astronaut, who died in the Challenger explosion in 1986, at a memorial in Los Angeles on Jan. 26. Nick Ut/AP
Christa McAuliffe poses at Johnson Space Center in Houston in 1985. A whole generation – including McAuliffe's own students – has grown up since McAuliffe and six other astronauts perished on live TV on Jan. 28, 1986. Now the former schoolchildren who loved her are making sure that people who weren't even born then know about McAuliffe and her dream of going into space. AP/File
Christa McAuliffe (l.) and Barbara Morgan (r.) laugh during training. NASA/AP/File
The crew for the space shuttle Challenger flight 51-L leaves their quarters for the launch pad at Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Fla., on Jan. 27, 1986. From foreground are commander Francis Scobee, Mission Spl. Judy Resnick, Mission Spl. Ronald McNair, Payload Spl. Gregory Jarvis, Mission Spl. Ellison Onizuka, teacher Christa McAuliffe, and pilot Michael Smith. Steve Helber/AP/File
The space shuttle Challenger lifts off from the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Fla., shortly before it exploded with a crew of seven aboard on Jan. 28, 1986. Thom Baur/AP/File
An unusual flame juts from the side of a solid rocket booster on the space shuttle Challenger during its launch from the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Fla., on Jan. 28, 1986. NASA/AP/File
The space shuttle Challenger explodes shortly after lifting off from the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Fla., on Jan. 28, 1986. Bruce Weaver/AP/File
Two unidentified spectators at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Fla., react after they witnessed the explosion of the space shuttle Challenger on Jan. 28, 1986. AP/File
President Ronald Reagan is shown in the Oval Office of the White House after a televised address to the nation about the space shuttle Challenger explosion on Jan. 28, 1986. Dennis Cook/AP/File
Seventy years ago, AP's Joe Rosenthal took the now iconic photo of US Marines raising the flag at Iwo Jima. The Christian Science Monitor reported why the tiny island played such a huge role in the war's Pacific theater.
ByJoseph C. Harsch, Staff writer
This article originally ran in The Christian Science Monitor on Feb. 23, 1945, on the same day when Associated Press photographer Joe Rosenthal took the now iconic photo of US Marines raising the nation's flag on the island of Iwo Jima in the Pacific Ocean. The Monitor's Joseph C. Harsch explained at the time why Iwo Jima played such an important role in the US campaign in the Pacific during World War II.