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Claude Debussy: The story behind Google's 'moonlight' doodle

Thursday's Google Doodle remembers French composer Claude Debussy with an animated scene featuring music from Clair de Lune.

By Contributor / August 22, 2013

Thursday's Google Doodle honoring French composer Claude Debussy invites users to press play to hear one of Debussy's most famous works, Clair de Lune.



The dark Paris skyline is punctuated by flicks of yellow light from lamps and houses. A classic car drives along the shores of the Seine and a steamship emits white puffs of smoke as it chugs along in the night. Two boats gradually appear alongside each other, the silhouettes of a man and a woman gradually appear, rowing in the same direction. A soft and steady rain starts, the boats sync courses as the two rowers share a candy apple red umbrella, their course lit by the glow of the moon, their movement in tempo with Claude Debussy's "Clair de Lune."   

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Today's Google Doodle honors the late French composer Claude Debussy with a cartoon of Paris, illuminated by the moon, a tribute to Mr. Debussy's best-known work "Clair de Lune," which is French for "moonlight." 

Debussy was born on August 22, 1862, in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, a northwest suburb of Paris. He was the son of a china shop owner and the eldest of five children. Though the family did not have a lot of extra money, Debussy enrolled in piano lessons at age 7. After showing an early affinity for music, Debussy entered the Paris Conservatory when he was 10 and studied there for 12 years. After completing his studies, Debussy traveled through Europe working as a composer and instructor. 

The musician's personal life was chaotic and included a litany of marriages, divorces, and affairs. Upon his death, Debussy had only one surviving child: Claude-Emma, who died a year after her father's death in 1918. 

But while Debussy’s personal tumults were viewed with an often-horrified fascination by Parisian society, in contrast, the composer’s inventive compositions were well received. The composer's work, "L'enfant prodigue" (The Prodigal Son), won Debussy the Prix de Rome, and his only opera, "Pelléas and Mélisande," a reworking of Maurice Maeterlinck’s play, firmly established his reputation, according to the Smith College Museum of Art

"Music is the expression of the movement of the waters, the play of curves described by changing breezes," and in Thursday's Google Doodle, it is Debussy's music that seems to propel the animated boats down the Seine, illuminated by the light of the moon.  

[Editor's note: The original version of this article misstated the name of Debussy's famous piece. It's called "Clair de Lune."]


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