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How to save the last tigers on Earth

The tiger population of India grew by 300 in the past four years. But this week 13 Asian nations are meeting to discuss ways to save the last remaining tigers.

By Andrea MustainAmazingPlanet Staff Writer / March 31, 2011

A Royal Bengal tiger yawns in the state zoological park in Gauhati, India, Monday, March 28, 2011. India's latest tiger census shows at least 1,706 tigers in forests, about 300 more than four years ago.

Anupam Nath/AP

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Endangered tigers are back in the spotlight at an international conference in India this week, where representatives from all 13 Asian countries where tigers still roam have gathered to work out the practicalities of saving a species from extinction.

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The conference in New Delhi comes on the heels of the world's first tiger summit, hosted in November of last year by Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin.

The landmark meeting in St. Petersburg brought together high-level government officials from all Asian tiger range countries, along with conservation groups and donor nations, and produced the Global Tiger Recovery Program (GTRP), an international agreement aimed at, among other things, doubling today's wild tiger population — roughly 3,200 animals — by the year 2022. [See remaining and extinct tiger subspecies.]

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How to accomplish such bold aims is the subject of this week's meeting, according to Mike Baltzer, head of conservation group WWF's Tigers Alive Initiative.

"St. Petersburg was, 'What we are going to do?'" Baltzer told OurAmazingPlanet. "This meeting is all about implementation — how are we going to do it?"

The answer is different in each Asian country where tigers live, and each country is presenting plans of action this week.

A female Bengal tiger on the move, Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan, India. Credit: © naturepl.com/Andy Rouse / WWF.

However, all tiger range countries will now at least have one thing in common: a monitoring system to count wild tigers and share data across all 13 nations. Baltzer called the development a major step forward.

The first day of the meeting was devoted to India's own work in tiger conservation, and the host country, which is home to roughly half the world's wild tigers, announced both good news and bad news.

First, the overall number of tigers across India has increased by about 225 animals, for a grand total of 1,706 tigers, officials said.

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