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In Ecuador's landmark $9 billion judgment against Chevron, all sides unhappy

Plaintiffs representing 30,000 people appealed an Ecuadorian court judgment that ordered Chevron to pay $9 billion in damages for oil contamination in the Amazon. The oil giant is also contesting.

By Irene CaselliCorrespondent / February 18, 2011

Environmentalist Donald Moncayo holds up an oily glove after testing a field in Lago Agrio, Ecuador.

Guillermo Granja/Reuters

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Quito and Lago Agrio, Ecuador

You might think Humberto Piaguaje would be happy with $9 billion. That's how much the indigenous Secoya of Ecuador's Amazon, along with 30,000 other people represented in a 17-year-old lawsuit, just won from US oil giant Chevron in the biggest environmental judgment in history.

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Instead, Mr. Piaguaje was part of a delegation of plaintiffs that lodged an appeal at the Ecuadorean court here in Lago Agrio, saying the Feb. 14 landmark court award is still too small.

"It's a bland victory," Piaguaje, wearing his tribe's traditional red-and-yellow crown, says after leaving the courthouse.

More money is needed, plaintiffs say, to clean up oil contamination from the 1970s and 1980s when Texas company Texaco (acquired in 2001 by Chevron) allegedly dumped 18 billion gallons of toxic wastewater and 17 million gallons of crude oil in this northeastern region, allegedly knowingly polluting an estimated 1,700 square miles of rain forest – an area the size of Rhode Island.

Court ruling sends message

A court-appointed expert originally requested $27 billion in damages for environmental remediation and health care for ongoing health problems.

"Who's going to pay for these losses?" Piaguaje asks. "Chevron has to."

Chevron has also appealed the ruling, calling it "illegitimate and unenforceable." Chevron argues Texaco met all legal obligations when it invested $40 million in government-­approved environmental remediation in the 1990s, and furthermore that the court ruling was marred by alleged fraud and corruption.

The legal wrangling is not expected to end soon, meaning that the long-awaited ruling is only one more twist in a 17-year legal drama worthy of a Hollywood film, complete with secret recordings, private investigators, diary excerpts, and beleaguered Amazonians.

But that doesn't mean the verdict isn't rattling the oil industry and exciting environmentalists and human rights activists.

"Regardless of the outcome, it has sent a message to oil and mining companies around the world that just because the government lets you engage in environmentally destructive practices, you're not off the hook permanently," says Robert Percival, a professor of law and director of the Environmental Law Program at the University of Maryland.

Award dwarfs Exxon-Valdez judgment

First filed in New York City in 1993, the lawsuit was moved here in 2003 at the request of Chevron, which has waged an intense defense. The homepage of features an "Ecuador Verdict" section, with the recent headline, "Judgment marred by fraud and misconduct: Get the facts."

Judge Nicolás Zambrano's 188-page ruling says Chevron must pay $8.6 billion, plus 10 percent of the damages (about $860 million) to the plaintiffs, far exceeding the initial $5 billion award against ExxonMobil for the 1989 Alaska oil spill.


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