Gulf oil spill: a muted 'hurrah' across the US as oil stops gushing
News that the leak has stopped, at least for now, prompts a national high-five, if not a whoop of joy. Eighty-eight days of Gulf oil spill minutiae may have dampened interest among the US public.
News that BP has successfully, if perhaps temporarily, killed the renegade Macondo well after 88 days of drama in the Gulf of Mexico brought cheers on the shrimp docks and beachside taverns of the Gulf Coast.Skip to next paragraph
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But after nearly three months of wall-to-wall coverage of top kills, junk shots, oiled plovers, and incinerated sea turtles, much of America outside the Gulf Coast has become less than riveted, offering up more an exhausted sigh of relief than a whoop of joy amid signs that cap on the undersea well is holding steady.
With disaster fatigue setting in and with opinions largely cemented about the competence or incompetence of BP and President Obama, the muted reaction to the good news could offer a glimpse into how the oil spill story will arc across political, economic, and environmental landscapes.
"This spill is going to take a long time to play out," says Alan Abramowitz, a political scientist at Emory University in Atlanta. "How do you deal with the after-effects? How do you clean up the oil? How do you assist some of the local economies down there? But those continuing issues primarily affect that region and, in terms of the whole country, have a very, very small effect."
Capping the well is a milestone, but it's not the end of the ordeal. Oil continues to affect fishing villages, beach towns, and oil-dependent burgs despondent over a drilling moratorium that some economists say could have a bigger economic impact on Gulf Coast states than the effects of the spill itself.
At the very least, Gulf states are likely to falter in the short term in recovering from a stubborn recession. "Right now tax revenues are a secondary issue to the economic growth over the long term," economist Mark McMullen of Moody's economy.com tells Reuters. "What's scary is: when will it bounce back? And what will be the lasting damage to the economy and government coffers?"
Public opinion may also affect how tenaciously BP and the federal government will continue to clean up the spill, some of which could stick around for years. What effect the massive spill will have on the resilience of the Gulf's environment, already battered by oil seeps and nitrogen pollution from upstream fertilizers, is unknown.
For Mr. Obama, the Gulf oil spill is just one issue among several – the main one being the stubbornly lackluster economy – that have caused a larger share of the public to question his competence as America's chief executive.
Of course, Americans as a whole celebrated the news from the Gulf – and waited a long time for it. More than 4 million barrels of sweet Louisiana crude may have spilled into the Gulf as a result of the April 20 explosion aboard the Deepwater Horizon rig, leased by BP to explore the Macondo Deposit 50 miles off the coast from Venice, La.