Anti-Muslim video – one more reason for independent scholarship on the Quran
Interest in the Quran has risen dramatically. Yet no independent association for Quranic study exists in the US – nothing like the Society of Biblical Literature, for instance. That will soon change, and as violent protests over an anti-Muslim video show, the need for scholarly insight is great.
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Indeed, the field is marked by astounding divisions of opinion. Scholars disagree not only over fine points of theological interpretation, but even over the definition of the Quran’s Arabic words. One example is the word misr. When the Quran has God tell the Israelites (Q 2:61), “Go down to a misr,” some scholars argue it means “Go down to any town.” Others insist it means, “Go down to Egypt.”Skip to next paragraph
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Some Muslims may have reservations about this project taking place in the West, or subjecting their sacred scripture to the tools of academic inquiry at all. In the Islamic world, work on the Quran is often scrutinized by religious authorities, and any scholarship on the Quran in the West is often assumed to be the sort of Orientalism that is necessarily hostile to Islam.
The work of the International Qur’anic Studies Association, however, is intended to show that academic inquiry is inherently an act of deep respect for the subject. Indeed the academic work of our organization will in part be inspired by Islamic tradition itself.
Many classical Muslim interpreters and philologists who studied the Quran used the tools of academic inquiry during their day. They investigated questions such as foreign words, and turned to Jewish and Christian traditions to explain Quranic passages, such as that on the Golden Calf or the birth of Mary, mother of Jesus. In this way the International Qur’anic Studies Association will build upon the rich legacy of Islamic scholarship.
As codirectors of this new learned society, we can assure skeptics that all scholars will be invited to add their voice to it. The society will be committed to publishing the kinds of research that contribute original insights. Many of these insights will come from a younger generation of Muslim and non-Muslim scholars alike who possess the intellectual curiosity and interdisciplinary tools necessary to make meaningful discoveries.
The organization itself, however, will not support any particular scholarly opinion concerning the Quran – no matter how traditional or revisionist in nature. In fact, the International Qur’anic Studies Association will be particularly committed to encouraging exchanges between scholars in the Islamic world and the West. Therefore, the society will publish a bilingual English-Arabic journal.
Just as the case of printing-vs.-writing the Quran showed, thinking evolves over time and inquiry assists that process. The Society of Biblical Literature helped advance views on race and women’s rights in America. The American Historical Association contributed to the preservation and appreciation of Native American cultures. The International Qur’anic Studies Association has the potential to build bridges between adherents of the Abrahamic faiths.
We can’t say now exactly what the contribution of the association will be. But if its members do the work they love, it will advance our understanding of the holy text of Islam and contribute to the understanding that leads to peace.
Gabriel Said Reynolds is Tisch family associate professor of Islamic studies and theology at the University of Notre Dame. Emran El-Badawi is assistant professor of Arab studies at the University of Houston. They are codirectors of the steering committee for the new International Qur’anic Studies Association.