Dozens of late 19th and early 20th century villas are giving way to high-rise apartment blocks. Egyptian preservationists are fighting an uphill battle to save buildings that reflect the city's cosmopolitan past.
Convicted last year of corruption, Alaa and Gamal Mubarak walked out of jail Thursday in Cairo after a court overturned the verdict. Former President Hosni Mubarak, who was overthrown in 2011, has also been cleared for release.
President Abdel Fattah al Sisi recently called on Muslim clerics to eschew intolerant teachings as a counterweight to extremism. But Egypt's show of solidarity with Charlie Hebdo is offset by a new decree on press freedom.
Egypt's media have swung decisively behind President Sisi and promised to support government policy on national security. Hundreds of journalists have warned of a 'new fascism' under the guise of fighting terrorism.
Egypt's Coptic Church threw its support to President Sisi after the overthrow of Mohamed Morsi. But the military has been slow to deliver on its pledge to repair churches damaged in Islamist reprisals.
In antigovernment demonstrations last year at Egypt's universities, more than 800 students were arrested and 16 were killed. In response, Egypt has clamped down on security and tightened control over faculties.
Ansar Bayt el-Maqdis, the deadliest of Egypt's jihadist groups, is said to be in touch with the Islamic State. It has been largely hemmed in by the army in the Sinai, where the army says it recently killed one of its commanders.
Egypt has seen a ten-fold increase in illegal boat crossings as migrants avoid Libya and other transit points to Europe. Cyprus said Thursday it had received a distress signal from a fishing boat carrying hundreds of Syrians off its coast.