Why Bush risks China's ire to honor Dalai Lama
The president doesn't want to appear to be appeasing China, experts say.
The Dalai Lama, spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhists, political irritant to Beijing, is being honored in Washington this week as never before.Skip to next paragraph
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It's not unusual that he will talk with President Bush in the White House residence. After all, he's visited with Mr. Bush three times.
But on Oct. 18 congressional leaders will present him with the Congressional Gold Medal, the highest civilian honor lawmakers can award. And Bush will attend the ceremony – subtly raising the Dalai Lama's status in terms of diplomatic protocol.
The importance of the move can be seen by the reaction of Chinese officials, who see Tibet as a renegade province. They're furious.
"They don't give this medal to just anybody," says Charles Freeman, China expert at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. "It's a big deal."
However, it is unlikely that the Bush administration is embracing the Dalai Lama as a means of punishing Beijing in some manner, says Mr. Freeman.
After all, it was Congress that voted to give the Dalai Lama the medal.
Bush officials probably felt that if they avoided the ceremony it would appear they were appeasing China, which has ruled Tibet with a heavy hand since 1951, says Freeman.
"This is simply a card he feels he has to play," says Freeman. "Unfortunately, Chinese political reaction tends to be at only one decibel level: high."
In the days leading up the Dalai Lama's Washington visit, Chinese officials have branded his improved welcome as interference in China's internal affairs and warned that it will have an "extremely serious impact" on US-China relations.
China has recently stepped up attacks on the Dalai Lama. A signed editorial issued last week by the official Xinhua news agency accused him of supporting the Japanese renegade Buddhist Aum Shrinyiko cult and the outlawed Chinese Falun Gong spiritual movement.
"The 14th Dalai Lama's own deeds ... have step by step betrayed his real intentions and political ambitions under the guise of Buddhism and peace," the editorial, published in the official English language China Daily, charged.
China has long accused the Dalai Lama of "splittism" and attempts to win Tibetan independence from Chinese rule. Intermittent negotiations between Tibetan and Chinese officials have so far failed to bear fruit. Beijing says the Dalai Lama could return to China only if he accepts Chinese sovereignty over Tibet.
The US is not the first to anger China over hosting the Dalai Lama. Last month Beijing harshly criticized Germany following a meeting between the Dalai Lama and Chancellor Angela Merkel. Canada received similar treatment after it granted the Dalai Lama honorary citizenship.
One key difference in the Chinese reaction to the actions of other governments involves economics. China threatened Germany that a welcome for the Dalai Lama could disrupt trade between the two countries. But the US is a giant export market, and China's threats to the US have been more generalized sputtering.
In addition, Bush has paired his warmer public stance toward the Dalai Lama with acceptance of an invitation to attend the 2008 Summer Olympics in China. The Chinese are likely loath to do anything that might interfere with that visit, given its vast public-relations potential.
•Staff writer Peter Ford contributed to this report.
For Dalai Lama, a packed schedule
The Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, is visiting Washington to meet with President Bush and receive the Congressional Gold Medal. He has been touring the world over the past year, meeting with European and other leaders. China routinely criticizes these visits.
October 2006 – Meets privately with Pope Benedict XVI in Rome, as well as with Italy's prime minister. Is awarded an honorary degree in biology from Rome's Third University.
May 2007 – Cancels trip to Brussels after Belgian government, under pressure from China, asks him not to visit.
June 2007 – Meets with Australia's Prime Minister John Howard and with New Zealand's foreign minister and parliament.
July 2007 – Visits Derry in Northern Ireland to draw attention to the effects of war on young people.
Sept. 10-11, 2007 – In Barcelona, gives public lecture at Olympic stadium and meets with the archbishop.
Sept. 17, 2007 – Attends interfaith dialogue at a Lisbon mosque, hosted by the Muslim community.
Sept. 20, 2007 – Meets with Austrian Chancellor Alfred Gusenbauer.
Sept. 23, 2007 – Meets with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, his first visit with a German head of state.
Sources: News and wire reports, website of the Office of His Holiness the Dalai Lama