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Time line 1908-1998

November 25, 1998



1908

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Republican William Howard Taft elected 27th US president.

Robert Peary, Matthew A. Henson, and four Eskimos reach North Pole.

1909

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) founded.

1910

Ten-year Mexican revolution and civil war begins. One million eventually die.

First major militant women's suffage parade in New York City.

1911

Baseball great Cy Young retires after winning 511 games and pitching 7,356 innings.

1912

Democrat Woodrow Wilson elected 28th US president.

Vladimir Illich Lenin founds Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party (Bolsheviks).

Titanic ocean liner sinks; More than 1,500 die.

1913

US 16th Amendment legalizes income taxes.

1914

World War I begins. Eventual deaths include 8 million military, 6 million civilians. 21 million are wounded.

Bosnian nationalists, in league with Serbs, kill Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand, escalating Europe-wide tensions.

Panama Canal opens.

1915

First transatlantic telephone call (Virginia to Paris) made by Bell Telephone.

Albert Einstein develops his theory of relativity, arguing that space and time merge in a continuum.

1916

Turkish government forces 1 million to 1.5 million Armenians into camps in the Syrian desert where most die of famine and disease.

1917

US declares war on Germany.

1918

Armistice ends World War I.

First electric powered refrigerator (Kelvinator).

1919

Paris Peace Conference launches Leagueof Nations.

US 18th Amendment (Prohibition) ratified by the states.

1920

Warren G. Harding elected 29th US president.

19th Amendment gives US women the right to vote.

National Football League founded.

Babe Ruth traded by Boston Red Sox to New York Yankees, who win 5 World Series before Ruth retires.

1921

Adolf Hitler made leader of German Nazi Party.

Margaret Gorman, 16, becomes first Miss America.

1922

Benito Mussolini and Fascist Blackshirts take power in Italy.

British Broadcasting Corp. (BBC) founded.

Chanel No. 5 perfume introduced.

Duke Ellington founds his jazz orchestra.

1923

President Harding dies; Vice President Calvin Coolidge becomes 30th US president.

1924

First use of gas chamber in Nevada for "humane" executions.

1925

"Monkey Trial" in Tennessee convicts biology teacher John T. Scopes for teaching evolution.

1926

US physicist Robert Goddard launches world's first liquid-fueled rocket to height of 200 feet.

Gertrude Ederle becomes first woman to swim English Channel, sets speed record (14 hours, 39 minutes).

1927

Chinese civil war (1927-1949) begins.

Al Jolson stars in sound movie "The Jazz Singer" to open new film era.

Charles A. Lindbergh flies solo across Atlantic - New York to Paris.

1928

First working color TV.

Scotch tape and plastic introduced.

1929

US stock crash on Oct. 24 precipitates Great Depression of 1930s.

1930

Planet Pluto discovered.

World population reaches 2 billion.

"Blondie" comic strip begins.

1931

Empire State Building completed, world's highest at 1,250 feet.

Paul Kipfer, Auguste Piccard set world height record (52,000 feet) in balloon.

1931

Empire State Building completed, world's highest at 1,250 feet.

Paul Kipfer, Auguste Piccard set world height record (52,000 feet) in balloon.

1932

Amelia Earhart first woman to fly Atlantic solo.

1933

Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes 32nd US president.

Adolf Hitler takes power in Germany.

Dust bowl era begins in Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, continues through 1939.

US 21st Amendment ends Prohibition.

1934

Chinese Communists, near defeat, begin Long March to Shensi.