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A crime reporter with taste - and an eye for detail

By Marilyn GardnerStaff writer of The Christian Science Monitor / December 17, 1987


EARLY in her career as a crime reporter for the Miami Herald, Edna Buchanan observed a disturbing pattern in domestic-violence cases. ``There are so many cases where you cover the murder of a woman and find she's been trying to get help,'' Ms. Buchanan says. ``The police may have been called a dozen times, but never did anything. They just patted the guy on the shoulder and said, `Well, be nice now.'''

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Now, Buchanan notes, police officers are ``much more sensitive'' to domestic violence. They also have instructions to make an arrest if violence appears imminent.

Yet women themselves sometimes compound the problem, she adds. After an abused woman's husband is arrested, she might bail him out the next day, take him home, and refuse to press charges. Or a wife who has sought refuge in a shelter for battered women might sneak a call to her husband to give him the shelter's unpublished address.

``Women in love are always so helpful,'' Buchanan says dryly. ``Here they were safe, but they would go back to try to make it work, and end up getting murdered.''

Today she sees signs of progress. Shelters for abused women, treatment programs for abusive men, and greater public awareness of the problem help women realize they have alternatives to feeling economically and physically trapped.

``It's getting a whole lot better,'' Buchanan says. ``But it's still going to take a lot of work on the part of all of us - journalists, police, women's groups.''

Buchanan, a slim, intense woman wearing a rust-colored suit and sporting a gold ring with a diamond ``E,'' is bringing a new level of seriousness and taste to the once-sensationalistic genre of crime reporting - a beat journalists have traditionally regarded as ``something to get off as soon as possible.''

Last year Buchanan's total dedication to this beat won her a Pulitzer Prize. This year she has reviewed her 16 years as a crime reporter in a book, ``The Corpse Had a Familiar Face'' (Random House, New York, $17.95).

What leads to violence? What can be done to prevent it?

These simple and profound questions obviously haunt and puzzle a woman who has reported more than 5,000 violent deaths.

Buchanan attributes much of Miami's ``terrible violence'' to drugs and illegal immigration. But Americans in general have always been ``a sort of violent people,'' she insists, citing the Old West, the Revolutionary War, and the Civil War as partial evidence.

Other evidence shows up on television and in movies, which she blames for helping to ``cheapen life and make violence commonplace.''

Even something as simple as ``Smoky and the Bandit'' movies, she said in an interview, ``give kids the impression that it's fun to outrun the police and speed down the highway. Police cars go off the cliff or into the ditch or the river, and nobody gets hurt. And there are all these multiple-car pileups, but everybody walks away. There's no bloodshed.''

Buchanan also decries the thousands of murders children see on TV. ``In the old days in cartoons, Bugs Bunny was always getting hit over the head or flattened, and then popping back. Everybody said cartoons were always violent. But kids knew they were cartoons.''

While practical solutions - better control of borders and the nation's drug traffic - would certainly help, reducing violence finally calls for ``a basic change in the American psyche,'' Buchanan says.