Challenger Kasparov was off at the wire in renewed world play. Karpov, taken by surprise, quickly turns the tables

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Challenger Gary Kasparov started quickly in his world championship match with Anatoly Karpov, winning the first game Sept. 3 in Moscow's Tchaikovsky Concert Hall. The champion recovered, however, drawing two contests, winning Games 4 and 5, and drawing the next five, to maintain a 51/2-41/2 lead at this writing. This is a replay of their controversial 1984-85 match, which was aborted by World Chess Federation president Florencio Campomanes last February. This time, victory goes to the first player to win six games or score 121/2 points; there will be a limit of 24 games. A tie match be tied, Karpov will retain his title.

Kasparov surprised early in the first game with his choice of 3. N-QB3, which allows the Nimzo-Indian Defense. In the past, he has always avoided this by first developing his King knight. A few moves later, Karpov consumed much time before choosing a dubious reply to Kasparov's seldom-played variation. This turned out to be grist for Kasparov, who, with energetic and precise play, ground out the point without further errors by Karpov. Nimzo-Indian Defense Kasparov Karpov Kasparov Karpov

1. P-Q4 N-KB3

Recommended: Default

2. P-QB4 P-K3

3. N-QB3 B-N5

4. N-B3 P-B4 (a)

5. P-KN3 (b) N-K5

6. Q-Q3 Q-R4

7. QxN BxN ch

8. B-Q2 BxB ch

9. NxB Q-N3 (c) 10. PxP! QxNP 11. R-QN1 Q-B6 (d) 12. Q-Q3 QxQ (e) 13. PxQ N-R3 14. P-Q4 R-QN1 15. B-N2 K-K2 16. K-K2 R-Q1 17. N-K4 P-QN3 18. N-Q6 N-B2 (f) 19. R-N4 N-K1 20. NxN KxN 21. KR-QN1 B-R3 22. K-K3 P-Q4 (g) 23. PxP, e.p. R/N-B1 (h) 24. K-Q3 RxQP 25. R-R4 P-QN4 26. PxP R-N1 27. R/4-N4 B-N2 28. BxB RxB 29. P-QR4 K-K2 30. P-R4 P-KR3 31. P-B3 R-Q4 32. R-QB1 R/2-Q2 33. P-QR5 P-N4 34. PxP RxKNP 35. P-N4 P-R4 36. P-N6 PxQNP 37. PxNP R-QN2 38. R-B5 P-B4 39. PxRP RxRP 40. K-B4 R-R1 41. K-N5 R-R1 42. R/4-B4 Resigns (i)

A. This is the sharpest and most common move. Very playable is also 4. . . . P-QN3, which transposes into the Queen's Indian Defense. Less good is 4. . . . O-O because of the uncomfortable pin 5. B-N5.

B. Romanishin's move. In light of what follows, it seems Karpov should now have played 5. . . . PxP; 6. NxP, N-B3, which transposes into an acceptable branch of the English Opening.

C. For a world champion to violate simple precepts of development, he must have a concrete variation in mind. Here he obviously miscalculates.

D. The RP is indigestible after 11. . . . QxP; 12. Q-Q4, O-O; 13. Q-B3, Q-R3 (else 14. R-R1 traps the queen); 14. B-N2, P-Q4; 15. PxP, PxP; 16. BxP, and White is well on top.

E. The endgame is very bad but the exchange is forced, since 12. . . . Q-R4 allows the paralyzing reply 13. Q-Q6, and after other queen moves 13. N-K4, aiming at the hole on Q6, is devastating.

F. Not 18. . . . PxP; 19. NxB ch, when 20. B-N7 wins the exchange.

G. 22. . . . R/Q1-B1 is unavailing against 23. P-QR4 and 24. P-R5, and 22. . . . R/N1-B1 costs the bishop after 23. R-R4.

H. Other moves, including 23. RxP, are effectively countered by 24. P-B5, but now White wins a clear pawn and the rest is a matter of technique. Karpov continues until the adjournment, then resigns without continuing.

I. White will force the exchange of one rook with 43. R-B7 ch, when the QNP becomes a candidate for promotion.

International Grandmaster Arthur Bisguier is a former US champion and has won or shared the US Open title five times.

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