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News In Brief

July 25, 1985


France suspended all new investment in South Africa Wednesday and recalled its ambassador to protest the state of the emergency under which 665 anti-apartheid protesters have been arrested. In addition, the Security Council will meet today on the situation in South Africa in response to an urgent request by France, the United Nations has announced. France said it will introduce a resolution condemning South Africa's policy of racial separation and calling for concerted international action.

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Britain, Canada, and the United States have also joined the growing international condemnation of South Africa's recent actions. Under the state of emergency, detainees have no legal right to see lawyers and may be held indefinitely without being charged.

Britain urged South Africa Tuesday to end its state of emergency but would not support economic sanctions. The Canadian government has called for South Africa to end ``repressive measures'' against protesters.

In Washington, the Reagan administration said Wednesday it is still committed to its policy of quiet diplomacy in its relations with South Africa. The statement came two days after the administration blamed the policy of apartheid for the escalating violence there. The US ambassador to South Africa, Herman W. Nickel, was called back to Washington last month.

Meanwhile, in Johannesburg, South African officials criticized two of the country's leading clergymen Wednesday, charging they were linked to anti-apartheid radicals responsible for riots that sparked the state of emergency.

The clergymen are the Rev. Beyers Naude, general secretary of the anti-apartheid South African Council of Churches, and the Rev. Allan Boesak, president of the World Alliance of Reformed Churches.

Mr. Boesak was in Washington Tuesday, where he addressed about 1,500 anti-apartheid demonstrators. The rally was one of the largest protests in the capital since November, when civil rights groups began daily demonstrations in front of the South African Embassy.

Key anti-Sandinista reported lost after Nicaraguan mishap

Anti-Sandinista guerrilla leader Ed'en Pastora has disappeared, and an official for his rebel force said Wednesday he may have been shot down in a helicopter over Nicaragua. But a cousin said Mr. Pastora is ``healthy and safe'' in Panama. Pastora, a hero of the Sandinista revolution that unseated the right-wing regime of President Anastasio Somoza in 1979, declared guerrilla war against the Managua government in 1981 for its Marxist leanings.

Reagan signs bill to keep price-support loans going

President Reagan signed a bill yesterday providing $1 billion to the Agriculture Department, allowing it to resume making price-support loans to farmers after nearly a week-long cutoff.

Gandhi, Sikh leader sign pact to ease Punjab strife

Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi signed an agreement yesterday with top Sikh leader Harchand Singh Longowal in a move toward ending a three-year-old sectarian conflict in the northern Punjab. Mr. Gandhi had conceded most of the Akali Dal's main demands under the agreement, the Press Trust of India reported. The agreement may end a crisis marked by violence and animosity between Punjab's majority Sikh and minority Hindu communities which were sparked when the Sikh party launched its protest campaign in August of 1982.

US orders networks to submit material on Flight 847 hijack

ABC, CBS, and NBC were served Tuesday with subpoenas, personally approved by Attorney General Edwin Meese III, seeking all material about the June 14 hijacking of TWA Flight 847 and the hostage ordeal that followed. The Justice Department would not confirm that a grand jury inquiry was planned, or discuss any legal steps the United States might try to take against the hijackers, such as extradition and indictment.