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American botanist wins Nobel Prize for MedicineSkip to next paragraph
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Dr. Barbara McClintock, a botanist at the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in New York, won the 1983 Nobel Prize for Medicine Monday for pioneering genetic research she conducted some three decades ago.
Dr. McClintock was honored for her discovery of mobile genetic elements in plants, a major breakthrough that was little understood at the time. The discovery, reached through her study of maize, helped demonstrate how certain inherited characteristics in plants and animals can be transposed from one organism to another. Dr. McClintock was the third woman to win the Nobel Prize for Medicine. The prize, a gold medal and the equivalent of $200,000, was announced by the Karolinska Institute.