New York — Pulitzer Prizes for 1983 were awarded this week in the following journalism categories:
* International reporting - Loren Jenkins of the Washington Post and Thomas Friedman of the New York Times for their individual coverage of the war in Lebanon, including the massacre of Palestinians at two refugee camps in Beirut.
* National reporting - the Boston Globe for a 56-page special section on the nuclear arms race.
* Public service - the Clarion-Ledger in Jackson, Miss., for its series on public school education in Mississippi.
* General local reporting - the Fort Wayne (Ind.) News-Sentinel for coverage of floods in March 1982.
* Special local reporting - Washington Post reporter Loretta Tofani for a series on rape in a suburban Maryland jail.
* Editorial writing - the Miami Herald for its campaign against the administration's policy of detaining illegal Haitian immigrants.
* Feature writing - Nan Robertson of the New York Times for her personal account of how she coped with toxic shock syndrome.
* Commentary - Claude Sitton of the News and Observer of Raleigh, N.C., for his weekly column.
* Criticism - Manuela Hoelterhoff of the Wall Street Journal.
* Editorial cartooning - Richard Locher of the Chicago Tribune.
* Spot news photography - Bill Foley of the Associated Press for a series of pictures of the massacre at the Sabra refugee camp in west Beirut.
* Feature photography - James Dickman of the Dallas Times Herald for a special report on El Salvador.
The following Pulitzer Prizes were awarded in letters, drama, and music:
* Biography - Russell Baker, ''Growing Up.''
* Fiction - Alice Walker, ''The Color Purple.''
* Drama - Marsha Norman, '' 'Night, Mother.''
* Poetry - Galway Kinnell, ''Selected Poems.''
* History - Rhys Isaac, ''The Transformation of Virginia, 1740-1790.''
* General nonfiction - Susan Sheehan, ''Is There No Place on Earth for Me?''
* Music - Ellen Zwilich, ''Three Movements for Orchestra.''